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    Home > Active Ingredient News > Infection > 10 formulas, easy to get common antibiotics!

    10 formulas, easy to get common antibiotics!

    • Last Update: 2021-05-08
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    *Only for medical professionals to read the reference formula to help you shorthand the content of antibiotics! 1.
    Classification of cephalosporin antibiotics: pradinazoline ampicillin difurantik, propylene trioxime, tadime, pertraxone, fourth generation pyroxime, fifth generation lolintorop, content explanation: first generation, four types: cefradine, ceftizole Lin, cephalexin, cefadroxil; second-generation five species: cefuroxime, cefmandol, ceftidine, cefaclor, cefprozil; third-generation six species: cefotaxime, cefixime, cefpodoxime, ceftazidime , Cefoperazone, Ceftriaxone; Two species in the fourth generation: Cefepime, Cefpirome; Three in the fifth generation: Cefdilorin, Cefditor, Cefepime.

    Tetracycline antibacterial spectrum: two bacteria, four bodies and one insect spirit.
    Explanation of content: two bacteria refer to bacteria and actinomycetes, four refer to rickettsiae, mycoplasma, chlamydia, spirochetes, and one insect refers to amoeba.

    Sulfonamide antibacterial spectrum: Two bacteria in one and one insect plus tuberculosis and leprosy.
    Explanation: Two bacteria refers to bacteria and actinomycetes, one refers to chlamydia, and one insect refers to plasmodium.

    Note: Prevention of sulfonamide adverse reactions: Alkalize urine and drink more water, and check urine routine regularly.

    Antimalarial drugs: Chloroquine is used to control malaria, and primaquine must be added to cure malaria.

    What to do when entering the malaria area, pyrimethamine is used to prevent it.

    Primaquinoline is highly toxic, so use it with caution for specific physiques.

    Content explanation: Chloroquine is the drug of choice for the control of symptoms of malaria, and radical treatment is commonly used in combination with chloroquine and primaquine; malaria can be prevented with pyrimethamine; primaquine is more toxic than other antimalarials and is prone to fatigue and dizziness , Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cyanosis and drug fever, and recover spontaneously after stopping the drug.

    Acute hemolytic anemia (due to the lack of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase in red blood cells) can occur in a small number of idiosyncratic patients, immediately stop the drug, give dexamethasone or prednisone to relieve, and intravenous infusion of 5% glucose and sodium chloride Injection, blood transfusion in severe cases.

    Metronidazole antibacterial spectrum: Metronidazole drug action spirit, protozoan anaerobic bacteria; intestinal and parenteral amoeba, it is the first choice for good effects.

    Content explanation: Metronidazole has a good antibacterial effect on protozoa, Trichomonas vaginalis and anaerobic bacteria.

    It can inhibit the redox reaction of amoeba protozoa and break the nitrogen chain of the protozoa.
    Metronidazole is the first choice for the treatment of amoeba infections.

    Penicillin antibacterial spectrum: narrow-band bactericidal penicillin, competing for bacterial transpeptidase; mucopeptide synthesis is interfered, and positive bacteria are killed; allergic reaction is dangerous, one question, two attempts, three observations.

    Content explanation: Penicillin's mechanism of action is to competitively inhibit transpeptidase.

    Interference in mucopeptide synthesis; mainly acts on G+ bacteria; among them, the most dangerous adverse reaction of penicillin is allergy, which must be strictly regulated.

    One question: ask about allergy history; second test: do skin allergy test before medication; third observation: observe 30 minutes after medication.

    The description of the content of the white lung charcoal on the snails (Lianpo Luohuang Baihuitan): Through the story of the famous Zhao State general Lianpo's fraudulent defeat and the "Lianpo" fleeing to the "White Ash Beach" and annihilating the enemy in one fell swoop, we can think of penicillin.
    The antibacterial spectrum, including hemolytic streptococcus, sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, spirochetes, actinomycetes, diphtheria, pneumococcus and anthracis.

    Aminoglycosides: Aminoglycoside fungicides, inhibit bacterial protein; anti-negative bacilli, chain card also treats tuberculosis; the most serious oto-kidney toxicity, control the dose and use it with caution.

    Content explanation: Aminoglycosides belong to bactericides, the main mechanism of action is to inhibit the synthesis of bacterial proteins, which has a good effect on G-bacteria; at the same time, aminoglycosides have good effects on tuberculosis and are the first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs.

    Special attention should be paid to that the main adverse reactions are ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity, so the dosage must be strictly controlled in treatment.

    Streptomycin antibacterial spectrum: Streptomycin is easy to resist drugs, rapid and long lasting; general infection has been seldom used, compatibility with drugs to increase efficacy; combined with isoniazid to treat tuberculosis; combined with penicillin, endocarditis; combined with tetracycline , Treatment of Brucellosis; Compatibility with SD, Plague Tularemia.

    Content explanation: Streptomycin is currently highly resistant, because its resistance and toxic effects are rarely used alone in clinical practice.
    Generally combined drugs: (1) It can be used in combination with isoniazid for various tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis New cases, or other sensitive mycobacterial infections; (2) It can be combined with penicillin to treat or prevent endocarditis caused by Streptococcus viridans or Enterococcus; (3) It can be combined with tetracycline to treat Brucella (4) It can also be combined with sulfadiazine (SD) for the treatment of plague and tularemia (tularemia).

    Adverse reactions of chloroquine: relatively few adverse reactions, headache and tinnitus in the gastrointestinal tract; long-term medication is easy to accumulate, and blood, heart and eyes must be paid attention to.

    Content explanation: The general possible reactions of chloroquine are headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, tinnitus and irritability.

    In the high-dose, long-term treatment, the following common adverse reactions should be paid close attention to: (1) It can cause hemolysis, aplastic anemia, reversible agranulocytosis and thrombocytopenia, etc.
    ; (2) Toxicity to the eyes, due to Chloroquine can be secreted by the lacrimal gland and absorbed by the cornea, and diffuse white particles appear on the cornea, which can disappear after stopping the drug; (3) Chloroquine can even cause the suppression of the sinus node, leading to arrhythmia and shock.
    In severe cases, Aspen may occur Syndrome, leading to death.

    Chloramphenicol's antibacterial spectrum: Old-eyed, dim children, disgusted with sadness, heart, and typhoid.
    Explanation: Refers to bacterial meningitis and brain abscess, eye infection, anaerobic infection, typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever, and rickettsiae.

    The above formulas are just for everyone to remember.
    In fact, the use of antibiotics is still more complicated, and you still need to lay a solid foundation!
    Source of this article: Voice of Medicine Review of this article: Sun Danxiong Responsible editor: Strong copyright declaration This article is reproduced and welcome to forward to the circle of friends-End-
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