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    Home > Chemicals Industry > China Chemical > Developing new products and taking a new path, how does my country's rubber industry play a distinctive card in the downturn

    Developing new products and taking a new path, how does my country's rubber industry play a distinctive card in the downturn

    • Last Update: 2022-06-19
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Cultivate new varieties, invest in new technologies, and carry out diversified planting.
    .
    .
    The upstream of China's rubber industry chain has been moving continuously in recent years, trying to get out of its own path of specialization
    .
    Rubber is not only a national strategic material, but also an advantageous industry in Hainan.
    It is also an important source of income for local farmers
    .
    However, the rubber market has appeared to be a bit "confused" recently, and farmers abandoning crops and seeds in the upper reaches of the rubber industry chain
    .
    How does my country's rubber industry get out of its characteristic path during the downturn?

    Low rubber prices, rubber workers are "injured"

    As a national strategic reserve material, rubber plays an important role in the fields of transportation, agriculture, forestry and water conservancy, military defense, medical and health daily necessities
    .
    In Hainan, the rubber industry planting area exceeds 8 million mu, accounting for about 40% of the country's rubber planting area
    .
    Lower rubber prices have also directly affected the income of farmers in the upper reaches of the rubber industry chain
    .

    Farmers who plant rubber trees are called "rubbers"
    .
    Xiao Zhou, 26, from Danzhou, Hainan, is already an "old rubber worker" with more than ten years of rubber tree planting experience.
    He told the China Business Daily that the price of rubber is getting sluggish, from 20 yuan per kilogram to the current one.
    8-10 yuan per kilogram
    .

    Xiao Zhou planted about 15 acres of rubber trees and planted 33 to 35 saplings per acre, with an average monthly income of 2,000-3,000 yuan
    .
    Due to the low price of rubber on the market recently, some rubber workers like Xiao Zhou choose to abandon cutting and seeding
    .

    According to Xiao Zhou, despite the lower prices, about 80% of local farmers rely on rubber tree planting for their income
    .
    Xiao Zhou told the China Business Daily: "Farmers can tap rubber and sell money, or they can sell wood
    .
    "

    Cultivate new varieties to play a distinctive card

    "If you keep the tree, the glue will be kept, and the income will be kept
    .
    " Zeng Xia, an associate researcher at the Rubber Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences and the National Rubber Tree Germplasm Resources Nursery, told the China Business Daily reporter: The area of ​​the country is mainly threatened by typhoons and cold currents.
    The old varieties are less resistant in this respect
    .
    When the typhoon hits, the tree falls
    .
    "

    Cultivating rubber trees that are wind-resistant, cold-resistant and high-yield is not only the key to the upstream development of the rubber industry chain, but also the first step to open up the development of the entire rubber industry chain
    .
    Zeng Xia told a reporter from China Business Daily that the National Rubber Tree Germplasm Resource Nursery has bred new rubber tree varieties by hybridizing imported rubber tree seeds with domestically cultivated seeds
    .
    According to Zeng Xia, the storage and yield rate of new rubber tree varieties can reach 70%-80% after the typhoon
    .

    In addition, in terms of output and income, new varieties of rubber trees have also brought surprises to farmers in the upper reaches of the rubber industry chain
    .
    Xiao Zhou told a reporter from China Business Daily: "We look at the sky and the varieties to eat
    .
    The glue output of the old varieties of rubber trees is about 200-300 ml, and the resistance is poor.
    When the typhoon comes, the trees will be gone
    .
    The glue output of the new varieties.
    In 300-400 ml, and the risk is small
    .
    "

    In terms of breeding, China's rubber industry has played its own distinctive card
    .
    "At present, the main rubber tree production areas in Thailand, India, Vietnam and other places have an average annual output of less than 100 kg of rubber per mu, and Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and other regions have an
    average annual output of about 60 kg per mu.
    At present, China’s average annual output of rubber per mu About 70-80 kg
    .
    In addition, the production time of rubber trees in China is from mid-to-late April to mid-to-late December, which is two months shorter than other countries in the world, but the average output per mu of land in China has reached the world average output level
    .
    "Zeng Xia told the China Business Daily reporter: "The quality of rubber is very important to the development of end rubber products.
    At present, China's rubber industry has shifted from focusing on output to focusing on quality.
    Especially for high-end rubber, there is an urgent need for quality control
    .
    "

    The rubber industry is a bit "confused" in the market downturn

    In the first half of this year, the rubber market was sluggish and prices were at a low level
    .
    Data show that the price of natural rubber was in a period of decline from January to March this year
    .
    Taking full latex as an example, its price was 9,125 yuan/ton at the end of March, down 27.
    3% year-on-year
    .
    From April to August, the price of all latex rebounded slowly, and the price at the end of August was 11,675 yuan/ton
    .
    Brokerage statistics show that in June this year, the price of state-owned latex in the Shanghai market was 9,975 yuan/ton
    .
    In December last year, the main closing price of Hujiao was about 13,000 yuan/ton
    .
    In 2011, the price of natural rubber reached 42,000 yuan/ton
    .

    Why did rubber prices fall? The analysis said: “The price drop is still affected by the new crown pneumonia epidemic.
    The impact of the epidemic on supply and demand is obvious, and the market sentiment is also bearish
    .

    At the same time, China's total output of natural rubber also declined in the first half of this year
    .
    According to data from the Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries (ANRPC), China's total natural rubber production from January to July this year was approximately 231.
    3 kilotons, a cumulative decline of 26.
    43% year-on-year
    .

    In the first half of the year, the upstream and downstream of the rubber industry chain were somewhat "confused"
    .
    "Affected by the sluggish rubber price and the epidemic, there has been a shortage of rubber workers in the upstream of the industrial chain
    .
    From the supply side, the output of the upstream of the industrial chain has decreased significantly"; "The orders for products of related enterprises in the downstream of the industrial chain have dropped significantly compared with the same period last year
    .

    Still need to transform and upgrade how to "ride the wind and waves" in the future

    The potential of the rubber market cannot be underestimated
    .
    At present, rubber is mainly used to produce tires.
    According to the China Natural Rubber Association, the current global car ownership has reached 1 billion.
    If the tire replacement rate is 30%-40%, more than 800 natural rubbers are needed every year to replace old tires.
    Million tons
    .

    From the perspective of industry insiders, the potential of China's rubber industry is far from being developed
    .
    Zeng Xia told a reporter from China Business Daily: "At present, China’s rubber tree planting area has reached 17.
    17 million mu.
    Last year’s output was 820,000 tons.
    This output is far below the potential
    .
    Based on the current farmers’ harvesting rate, the output should be able to reach.
    more than 90%
    .
    Meanwhile, China in 2010 had become the world's largest natural rubber consumer and importer countries, consumption exceeded 500 million tons, but our production can not keep up the rate of consumption, production self-sufficiency rate of less than 20 %
    .
    "

    Even in the case of sufficient output, China's rubber industry also needs to transform and upgrade
    .
    Getting rid of relying on handwork and improving the level of mechanization may become the focus of the rubber industry
    .
    Xie Jianghui, deputy dean of the Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, publicly stated that the cost of manpower tapping in China's rubber industry accounts for more than 60% of production costs
    .
    According to Xiao Zhou, he has to get up at 2 o'clock in the morning to tap rubber, and it has become a habit to get up in the dark
    .
    Zeng Xia told a reporter from China Business Daily: "At present, the average age of rubber workers is over 45.
    In a few years, who will tap the rubber is a very serious problem
    .
    For the rubber industry to develop in the long run, it must be mechanized and intelligent.
    Road
    .
    "

    Improving the quality of rubber products will also be the key to the road to industrial characteristics
    .
    “Domestic high-end rubber still relies on imports, and the problem of product compliance and unsuitability is more prominent
    .
    When domestic companies use rubber raw materials, they often need to adjust the formula, so they use more foreign products
    .
    As a high-end strategic resource, rubber must be mastered.
    In our own hands
    .
    " Zeng Xia said
    .

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