According to Eurostat, 19.3 per cent of total household spending in Estonia in 2019 will be spent on food and non-alcoholic beverages, the highest proportion of food spending in the EU's top three countries, while the EU average is 13 per cent.
In 2019, EU households spent more than 956 billion euros on food and non-alcoholic beverages, equivalent to 6.8% of EU GDP, accounting for 13% of total consumer spending, the third largest family spending category after housing, water, electricity, natural gas and other fuels (23.5% of household spending) and transport (13.1%).
Romanian households spend about a quarter (26 per cent) of their total household consumption on food and non-alcoholic beverages, followed by Lithuania (20.2 per cent) and Estonia (19.3 per cent).
three EU member states spend less than 10 per cent on food and non-alcoholic beverages - 8.6 per cent in Ireland, 8.9 per cent in Luxembourg and 9.7 per cent in Austria.
between 2009 and 2019, household food expenditure as a proportion of total household expenditure in most EU member states declined or remained stable.
Lithuania recorded the largest decline, from 25.4 per cent of total household spending in 2009 to 20.2 per cent in 2019, a decrease of 5.2 percentage points, followed by Malta with 3.5 percentage points and Poland with 3 percentage points.
by contrast, household food spending increased in the seven EU member states, with the largest increase coming in the Czech Republic, from 14.2 per cent in 2009 to 15.5 per cent in 2019, followed by Slovakia by 1.1 per cent, Hungary by 0.5 per cent and the Netherlands by 0.4 per cent.