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    Home > Biochemistry News > Amino Acids Research > Fengyuan Biochemistry: Invest in bioenergy and obtain green profits.

    Fengyuan Biochemistry: Invest in bioenergy and obtain green profits.

    • Last Update: 2020-07-30
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Bill Gates, the world's richest man, has declared that the next man to surpass him as the world's richest man must be in biotechnology, and that Gates has bought Pacific

    through his own investment firm. Ethanol,a $84 million preferred stock, is a corn-based ethanol company.

    . waste oil



    waste oil ,

    green energy



    on the one hand is high-clean diesel fuel, on the other side is peanut oil underthes, the food and beverage industry trench oil; In Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences Peanut Research Institute's efforts, the two have been equated - with peanut oil underthemeand the restaurant industry trench oil production biodiesel, so that China has become one of the few countries in the world to master this technology, to fill the domestic gap.



    . Dr. Yang Qingli, a member of the research group, said: Using this technology, 1 ton of peanut oil can be converted into nearly 1 ton of biodiesel, 1 ton of the food and beverage industry produced trench oil can be converted 0.9 tons of biodiesel. Biodiesel, as one of biomass energy, is a kind of green, clean and renewable energy, which plays an important role in the development of circular economy and the alleviation of the growing energy and environmental crisis. Compared to conventional diesel, biodiesel converted from peanut oil does not contain harmful sulfur and benzene, and combustion emissions of soot are reduced by 50% and costs are reduced by 30%.

    .

    October 2005, the production of biodiesel, tested by the state authority, determined that more than a dozen of its main indicators are better than China's O-diesel, has reached the French and German biodiesel standards. At present, Shandong Province produces 60,000 tons of peanut oil per year, and 200,000 tons of oil from the food and beverage industry, which not only causes serious environmental pollution, but also seriously threatens people's health. If the technology is used to convert these two waste greases into green biodiesel, the annual output will reach 240,000 tons, the economic value directly created and the cost of treating the pollution caused by waste oil simply amounttod to hundreds of millions of dollars.

    . As one of the biomass energy sources in

    , the development prospect of biodiesel is very broad, which is of great significance to solve the energy crisis and environmental crisis which affect the sustainable development of our economy. In the past, the production of biodiesel mainly to animal oil and rapeseed as raw materials, production costs are higher. The Peanut Research Institute of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences lasted more than 1 year, and finally made a breakthrough in 2005: after research and experiments, it was determined that the chemical method and lipase catalytic process conditions for the preparation of biodiesel with methanol reaction under the catalytic action of the ground oil and the waste oil in the catering industry were determined.



    . Recently, the Peanut Research Institute of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, in cooperation with the Institute of Oceanography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has been successful in extracting biodiesel from rice grass and alkali pontoons, and these studies have expanded the source of raw materials for biodiesel production, which is the first in China, making the prospect of industrial development more broad.



    . The green energy



    the traditional processing industry is carried out with fossil resources as raw materials and energy, and in the face of the dilemma of increasingly depleted fossil resources, the world is breeding a strategic shift of resources to replace fossil resources with bio-renewable resources. A global industrial revolution is moving towards carbohydrate-based economic development, which is an important trend towards sustainable development. Fuel ethanol, polylactic acid, polyamino acids, polyhydroxyalic acids, and various functional oligosaccharides, which are currently under development, can be seen as a prelude to this era of carbohydrate economy. By 2020, 50% of organic chemicals and materials are expected to be produced from bio-raw materials.

    .

    the development and utilization of bioenergy and new energy sources such as solar and wind energy, which has become a major issue that has attracted the attention of the world. Bioenergy is the energy of biomass (mainly fuelwood, agricultural and forestry crops, crop residues, animal waste and household waste). Its main forms are biogas power generation, biohydrogen, biodiesel and fuel ethanol. While increasing energy supply and reducing environmental pollution, bioenergy also helps to solve the problem of rural employment and farmers' income, and helps to protect soil and promote the sustainable development of agriculture. China is a large agricultural country, the biomass resources are very rich, can produce more than 700 million tons of straw and a large number of livestock dung, forest processing surplus. In addition, China also has about 2 billion acres of wasteland can be used for the development of energy agriculture and energy forestry. At present, China's production capacity microbial research, biological transformation research, process and equipment research has matured, oil substitute productdevelopment technology also has the conditions for large-scale industrial production.



    . According to expert estimates, if China can use 50% of the country's crop straw, 40% of livestock and poultry manure, 30% of forestry waste, and the development of 5% of marginal land to grow energy crops, and the construction of about 1000 biomass conversion plants, then its output of energy equivalent to an annual output of 50 million tons of oil, about the annual output of a Daqing oil field. And China's farmers can also add 40 billion yuan and more than 10 million jobs.



    . Expert analysis, biomass can be used, especially in the alternative oil energy, materials industry, the front end is agriculture, the middle is fermentation and other biological transformation, the back end is still the existing large chemical industry. Therefore, China's large-scale development of biomass energy industry, will not have an impact on the traditional chemical industry. At the same time, China's energy, materials demand growth too fast, consumption is large, the traditional oil processing industry simply can not meet the market demand, product supply support capacity is weak. Therefore, the traditional petrochemical field of bio-energy, biological materials are generally optimistic, China Oil Corporation and other state monopoly petrochemical companies are also pushing biomass energy use.



    . In 2005, when oil prices were high and hopeless, Shi Yuanchun, a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and a member of the Third World Academy of Sciences, personally wrote an article calling for the popularization of the biomass industry, he said: opening up a third battlefield for agriculture and planting a "green daqing", it seems strange and too bold, but it is so realistic, feasible, so close to us. At present, at a time when oil prices are soaring and energy is in short supply, the development of bioenergy to replace traditional energy is not only possible, but also a real and urgent need.

    .

    in the historical transformation of energy structure, China's development of biomass energy has a strong reality and feasibility. China's abundant raw materials, but also self-cultivated sweet sorghum and other excellent energy plants, fuel ethanol, biodiesel, bioplastics and other major products industrial transformation technology is basically mature and has a large room for improvement, the cost reduction is generally 25% to 45%, compared with petroleum-based products have a strong market competitiveness. At present, progress has begun in Xinjiang, Shandong, Sichuan and other places.



    . Not only China, but now many countries are facing population, resource and environmental pressures. The development and utilization of new and clean energy sources has become a major strategic issue of great concern to governments. To this end, many countries have developed corresponding development and research programs, such as the Sunshine Program in Japan, the Green Energy Project in India, the Energy Farm in the United States, the Alcohol Energy Program in Brazil, and, more recently, the Federal Strategic Framework for Bioenergy and Biomass Materials in the United States.



    . Bioenergy is converted from solar energy, as long as the sun does not die, bioenergy will be inexhaustible. The process of transformation is to synthesize carbon dioxide and water into biomass through photosynthesis of green plants, and the use of bioenergy to generate carbon dioxide and water, forming a material cycle, theoretically with a net emission of carbon dioxide is zero.



    . Bioenergy is a renewable and clean energy source that develops and uses bioenergy, in line with a sustainable scientific concept of development and the concept of a circular economy. Therefore, the use of high-tech means to develop bioenergy has become an important part of the energy strategy of developed countries in the world today, but also many multinational companies new sources of profit - Toyota made auto parts from sweet potato starch-based plastic; Fujitsu replaced the computer's plastic casing with corn starch-based plastic; duPont used corn to produce 1,3-propylene glycol (POD) cost is 25% lower than chemical methods. After Kagel-Dow produced polylactic acid (PLA) and a variety of other polymer plastics from corn starch fermentation, the American Association of Bioengineering Technologies said it was beginning to see PLA biomaterials based on corn starch being used in all sectors of the manufacturing industry, which could revolutionize the old economy.

    .

    Royal Dutch Shell estimates that biomass will provide 30 per cent of the world's chemicals and fuels in the first 50 years of the 21st century, with a world market share of $150bn, and that international oil companies in countries such as the US and UK have also started investing in biomass energy products. In 2003, chemical giant Buzzfeed announced that it would use renewable biomass as the main raw material for chemical production, DuPont divested its oil assets, bought biotech companies and an integrated agricultural enterprise, and positioned 25 percent of its 2010 sales on biomass products, and the U.S. forest industry has begun working with power, petroleum and chemical companies to produce energy and chemical products from forest waste.

    .

    already have enterprises to taste the sweet

    .

    china's fine chemical industry leader - Fengyuan Group, not only with corn to produce fuel ethanol, but also produced a "petrochemical mother" called ethylene and ethylene oxide and other derivatives, and achieved huge profits. It gives a real glimpse of the great charm of modern biotechnology.

    .

    Fengyuan Group in Ceju, Anhui Province, the production line annual output of 20,000 tons of ethylene oxide, is China's only corn-based ethylene products production plant. In 2005, rising oil prices and huge market demand created a considerable "green profit" for The Fengyuan Group, with an epoxy profit of up to 6000 yuan per ton and a profit margin of up to 40%.

    .

    Fengyuan Group Deputy General Manager Xue Dongfeng analysis, as long as the international oil price is not less than 35 dollars / barrel, corn price is not higher than 1400 yuan / ton, with corn production ethylene, ethylene oxide, it is profitable. Fengyuan Cebu biochemical 20,000 tons of equipment after all the operation, can consume 100,000 tons of corn per year, to achieve sales revenue of 400 million yuan, new after-tax profit of 50 million yuan. Break-even is achieved when production capacity reaches 42.5% in a normal production year.



    . The conversion of starch raw materials into biomaterials through biotechnology also has great market prospects. Fengyuan and Belgium joint venture production of 30,000 tons of L- lactic acid, used in the production of polylactic acid biodegradable plastics, polylactic acid polyester, can replace the petrochemical production of polyethylene, polypropylene and other plastics and petrochemical production of PET, PBT and other chemical fiber polyester.



    . At present, the consumption of various polyethylene-based plastics is about 18 million tons / year, of which non-degradable agricultural film consumption of about 1.5 million tons / year, the use of biodegradable plastics, eliminate white pollution, in line with environmental requirements. In addition, the use of biomass to convert polylactic acid polyester, made of cloth, instead of petrochemical production of chemical fiber polyester PET, PBT, the development of environmentally friendly textile fiber. Organic acids and their ester compounds produced by biomass can be partially replaced by petrochemical products, added to polyethylene and polypropyl thin plastics as plasticizers, added to paint coatings as non-toxic solvents, reduce environmental pollution, save oil resources, and promote agricultural development, the future development of Chinese society has a far-reaching impact.



    . Liu Tienan, director of the Industrial Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, said: China's development of bio-energy, bio-chemical products, there is great potential and strategic opportunities, we must as soon as possible set up and improve a series of policy support and technical standards in line with national conditions, officials, production, learning, research and concentrate efforts, aiming at the most urgent areas, as soon as possible to achieve industrialization.



    . Bill Gates, the world's richest man, has declared that the next man to surpass him as the world's richest man must be in biotechnology, and that he has bought $84m of preferred shares in Pacific

    , an ethanol company that makes corn, through his own investment firm.

    . waste oil



    waste oil ,

    green energy



    on the one hand is high-clean diesel fuel, on the other side is peanut oil underthes, the food and beverage industry trench oil; In Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences Peanut Research Institute's efforts, the two have been equated - with peanut oil underthemeand the restaurant industry trench oil production biodiesel, so that China has become one of the few countries in the world to master this technology, to fill the domestic gap.



    . Dr. Yang Qingli, a member of the research group, said: Using this technology, 1 ton of peanut oil can be converted into nearly 1 ton of biodiesel, 1 ton of the food and beverage industry produced trench oil can be converted 0.9 tons of biodiesel. Biodiesel, as one of biomass energy, is a kind of green, clean and renewable energy, which plays an important role in the development of circular economy and the alleviation of the growing energy and environmental crisis. Compared to conventional diesel, biodiesel converted from peanut oil does not contain harmful sulfur and benzene, and combustion emissions of soot are reduced by 50% and costs are reduced by 30%.

    .

    October 2005, the production of biodiesel, tested by the state authority, determined that more than a dozen of its main indicators are better than China's O-diesel, has reached the French and German biodiesel standards. At present, Shandong Province produces 60,000 tons of peanut oil per year, and 200,000 tons of oil from the food and beverage industry, which not only causes serious environmental pollution, but also seriously threatens people's health. If the technology is adopted only this.
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