Play outside, read books together, build building blocks, and invite your child’s friends to play at home, participate in it, and play with them, so that you can establish a good parent-child relationship with your child.
Children like to play games and toys.
Yang Caixia believes that games can cultivate children's concentration and make them willing to explore.
Parents should provide children with the conditions for games as much as possible.
When sharing her parenting experience, she said that she would let children participate in summer camps and encourage children to participate in competitions.
Stay with your children as much as possible, provide them with help when they need help, and don't bother them when they play games intently.
Children also need to have a system to protect their play
Chen Xuefeng, an education and child development expert at the UNICEF China Office, said that early childhood development is included in the global 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
In 2018, the World Health Organization and UNICEF and other international organizations jointly issued the "Nurturing Care Framework" to promote early childhood development, including the assurance of good health, adequate nutrition, safety, responsive care, and early learning opportunities.
Five aspects of child development.
Chen Xuefeng said: "These five factors are indispensable.
Play also needs a series of systems to protect it.
It requires family awareness and ability to support children with early learning and gaming experience, so that children can play well and learn well.
Yang Caixia introduced that the China Children’s Center conducted a study in 2020 to conduct a study on the basic parenting status (including feeding status, education status, social support status, etc.
) of families in poverty-stricken areas (now out of poverty) in 15 provinces and 20 counties.
After conducting research, it was found that China's early childhood development has made significant progress overall, but the uneven development of various regions still exists.
At the same time, although the basic situation of parenting has been greatly improved as a whole, parental awareness of parenting still needs to be improved.
Problems such as lack of scientific feeding, emphasis on nurturing and negligence of education, and excessive screen exposure are still outstanding, and the community family support system is not perfect.
Yang Caixia believes that these issues require policy advocacy, resource allocation, family education, parenting, nutrition and health, and community family support to provide better services to children.
Chen Xuefeng believes that early childhood needs better opportunities for growth, development, and learning.
In my country, there are currently "three needs": First, the need for game resources.
In underdeveloped areas, due to the relatively crowded urban space, children generally lack places to play, children also lack enough toys.
The second is the demand for capable caregivers.
Both left-behind children and migrant children face the problem of unattended, and families where both parents are working also face the problem of family parenting and division of labor.
"The lack of caregivers or insufficient energy to accompany the children may be a critical issue.
" Chen Xuefeng said.
The third is the demand for scientific information.
Chen Xuefeng pointed out that educational toys can develop children's creativity, but the first thing children need is the company and support of their relatives.
"Whether in urban or rural areas, parents hope that their children can grow up healthily, but they are also affected by various ideas and information.
Various mixed information and different educational concepts can cause confusion for parents, and parents treat their children in different ways.
It will affect the child’s development.
Chen Xuefeng also pointed out that caregivers also need psychological support.
"It is the common responsibility of society to take care of children, and a social support system is needed to support the mental health of parents, so that they have the opportunity to communicate, learn and show themselves.
" (Reporter Xia Jin)