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    Home > Food News > Food Articles > Fundamentally ensure national food security-Tang Renjian, director of the Central Agriculture Office and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, talks about hot topics in the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" in 2021

    Fundamentally ensure national food security-Tang Renjian, director of the Central Agriculture Office and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, talks about hot topics in the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" in 2021

    • Last Update: 2021-07-23
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Original Title: Fundamentally Ensure National Food Security-Tang Renjian, Director of the Central Agricultural Office and Minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, talks about hot topics in the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" in 2021


    The new year begins

    .
    2021 is the first year of the "14th Five-Year Plan", and it is of great significance to maintain stable food production

    .
    The Central Economic Work Conference emphasized to solve the problems of seeds and arable land, it is necessary to carry out the technical research of seed source "stuck neck", and is determined to fight a turnaround in the seed industry

    .


    How to solve the two key issues of seed and cultivated land in the next step?
    Can the Chinese people continue to hold their jobs firmly in their hands? A few days ago, during the investigation of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Tang Renjian, director of the Central Agriculture Office and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, reporters conducted interviews on the above-mentioned hot issues

    .


    Seize the two key points of the "two-Tibet" strategy


    As one of the eight key tasks of economic work in 2021, solving the problems of seeds and arable land has aroused widespread public concern

    .


    Tang Renjian said that the central economic work conference held not long ago proposed to solve the problems of seeds and arable land.
    The core logic is to ensure national food security

    .
    The key to ensuring food security lies in the implementation of the strategy of storing grain on the ground and storing grain on technology.
    Seeds and cultivated land are the two key points of the "two Tibet" strategy

    .


    "Seeds are the'chips' of agriculture, and cultivated land is the'lifeblood' of food production.
    Only by grasping these two key points can we fundamentally ensure national food security

    .
    " He said

    .


    Tang Renjian said that 2021 is a year of special importance in the process of China's modernization drive.
    The "14th Five-Year Plan" kicks off and the new journey of building a socialist modern country begins.
    It is also the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party

    .
    It is of
    great significance to maintain stable food production .
    The agricultural and rural system has issued a "military order" to ensure that the annual grain output is stabilized at more than 1300 billion jin, and strive to stabilize and increase

    .
    Specifically, it is to achieve "two stability and one increase":


    —— Stabilize rations and ensure the absolute safety of rations.
    The area of ​​expanded double-cropping rice in the south in 2020 cannot be reduced, while yields must be increased; the area of ​​wheat in Huanghuaihai and Northwest China must be restored

    .


    -Stabilize soybeans, continue to implement the soybean revitalization plan, strive to stabilize the area above 140 million mu, increase yield and quality, and ensure domestic self-sufficiency of edible soybeans used for soybean products

    .


    ——Increase maize, focusing on expanding maize area in Northeast China and Huanghuaihai area

    .


    He said that to ensure national food security, it is also necessary to strengthen policy guarantees, supplemented by benefits and supplemented by justice

    .
    The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will work with relevant departments to further consolidate the obligations and responsibilities of the local party committees and governments to ensure that the grain planting area is implemented.
    At the same time, it will improve the subsidy policy for grain farmers and the compensation mechanism for the interests of main grain producing areas, and mobilize farmers to grow grain and the local government to focus on agriculture.
    The enthusiasm of food

    .
    According to the analysis of the Meteorological Department, the probability of extreme droughts and floods has increased this year, and the threat of pests and diseases such as Spodoptera exigua still exists.
    It is necessary to formulate plans in advance and monitor and prevent them

    .


    Carry out "stuck neck" technical research


    my country clearly proposes to carry out technical research on seed source "stuck neck" technology, does it mean that the seed industry is not safe?


    Tang Renjian said that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the development of modern seed industry has achieved remarkable results

    .
    The area of ​​self-selected varieties of crops accounted for more than 95%.
    The two major ration crops of rice and wheat are 100% self-sufficient.
    The provenance of corn, soybeans, and pigs is guaranteed to be based in the country

    .
    At present, foreign-funded enterprises account for about 3% of China's seed market share, and imported seeds account for 0.
    1% of the national seed consumption

    .
    In general, China's seed supply is guaranteed and risks are controllable

    .


    "The independent innovation of China's seed industry does have a gap with developed countries.
    If there is an extreme cut-off of some varieties, fields and links, although it will not be'killed in one card', it will indeed affect the speed, quality and efficiency of agricultural development

    .
    " He said

    .


    Tang Renjian said that the seed industry should be taken as a key task in the "14th Five-Year Plan" of agricultural science and technology and agricultural and rural modernization, speed up the implementation of seed source "stuck neck" technology research, maintain the competitive advantage of rice, wheat and other varieties, and reduce corn , Soybeans, live pigs, dairy cows and other varieties and the gap between the international advanced level, resolutely win the battle of the seed industry, and ensure that the Chinese bowl mainly contains Chinese grains, and the Chinese grains mainly use Chinese seeds

    .


    Lay the foundation for seed industry innovation


    During the investigation of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Tang Renjian came to the construction site of the new national crop germplasm bank to understand the progress of the project, and went to the current national crop germplasm bank with a history of more than 30 years, and put on a cotton coat in the warehouse of minus 18 degrees Celsius for scientific research.
    The personnel understand the preservation of resources

    .


    The Central Economic Work Conference proposed that the protection and utilization of germplasm resources should be strengthened, and the construction of seed banks should be strengthened

    .
    What's the point?


    Tang Renjian said that to promote seed industry innovation, we must first lay a solid foundation, and the germplasm resource bank is one of the important foundations

    .
    The current national crop germplasm resource bank in this investigation has a capacity of 400,000 copies.
    Currently, 440,000 copies of germplasm resources are preserved.
    A new resource bank will be built and used this year.
    It can store 1.
    5 million copies of germplasm resources, ranking No.
    1 in the world.
    One

    .


    "Many of the varieties that we are familiar with, such as Jingxi rice and Tianjin Xiaozhan rice, will be preserved as strategic resources for a long time in this library

    .
    This is the material basis for innovation in the seed industry

    .
    We will also simultaneously promote livestock and poultry and marine fishery species.
    Quality resource library construction

    .
    " He said

    .


    Tang Renjian said that China has formed three national seed industry bases in Hainan, Gansu and Sichuan

    .
    In particular, the construction of the National Southern Propagation Research and Breeding Base in Hainan is building a "Southern Propagation Silicon Valley" integrating scientific research, production, sales, scientific and technological exchanges, and achievement transformation

    .
    The next step is to continue to improve the level of base construction to provide basic guarantee for crop breeding

    .


    Consolidate the "lifeblood" of grain production


    Cultivated land is the "lifeblood" of food production.
    How to protect it effectively?
    Tang Renjian said that China uses 9% of the world's arable land to feed 20% of the world's population, but it also makes the long-term high-intensity use and degradation of arable land worse

    .
    With the rapid progress of urbanization and industrialization, high-quality arable land resources have become more in short supply

    .


    To solve the problem of cultivated land, we will mainly start from two aspects in the future:


    On the one hand, to ensure the amount of arable land, resolutely curb "non-agriculturalization" and prevent "non-grainization"

    .
    1.
    8 billion mu of arable land is the bottom line for food

    .
    This red line must be firmly maintained, and limited arable land resources must be given priority to food production .


    On the other hand, to vigorously improve the quality of cultivated land, the main focus is the construction of high-standard farmland

    .
    During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China has built large-scale high-standard farmland.
    In the past two years, 80 million mu of high-standard farmland has been built to ensure harvest during droughts and floods each year, which has played an important role in the grain harvest

    .
    This year plans to build 100 million mu of high-standard farmland, and the task volume has increased by 25% compared with last year.
    It is necessary to supervise and guide all localities to complete the target tasks

    .


    The necessary capital investment is the guarantee of the quality of the project

    .
    For the construction of 1 mu of high-standard farmland, it is generally reported that more than 2500 yuan is needed in various regions, and some hilly areas need more investment

    .
    Where does the money come from? Tang Renjian said that multiple channels are needed to raise construction funds

    .
    On the one hand, it is necessary to increase financial investment; on the other hand, it is necessary to promote the establishment of a diversified financing mechanism, promote the use of government bonds and the use of land transfer revenue policies, and put all the new arable land indicator adjustment proceeds from high-standard farmland construction into high-standard farmland construction.
    Encourage the active participation of social and financial capital

    .


    Consolidate the results of poverty alleviation with rural revitalization


    The task of poverty alleviation in 2020 was completed on schedule

    .
    The Central Economic Work Conference called for the consolidation and expansion of the results of poverty alleviation, resolutely preventing the occurrence of large-scale poverty return, and effectively connecting with rural revitalization

    .


    Tang Renjian said that although earth-shaking changes have taken place in the appearance of poverty-stricken areas and the lives of the people who have been lifted out of poverty, the level of economic and social development in the poverty-stricken areas is still relatively backward, and the income levels of the people out of poverty are still low

    .
    After the task of poverty alleviation is completed on schedule, we must do a good job in rural revitalization, use rural revitalization to consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation, and ensure that underdeveloped areas and rural low-income population keep up with the pace of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way

    .


    He said that after the completion of the poverty alleviation goals and tasks, a five-year transition period will be established for counties that are out of poverty from the date of poverty alleviation.
    During the transition period, the leadership system, work system, development plan, policy measures, and evaluation mechanism must be effectively connected.
    from centralized resources to support rural poverty out of poverty to comprehensively promote the revitalization of a smooth transition, "Rotary launched" and then "get a ride"

    .


    In the next step, we must plan and develop rural characteristic industries with poverty alleviation counties as the unit to promote the upgrading and upgrading of industries; continue to increase support for infrastructure construction in poverty-stricken areas, implement unified deployment of rural construction actions, and support poverty-stricken areas to promote the revolution in rural toilets according to local conditions.
    Treatment of domestic garbage and sewage, and improvement of the appearance of the village

    .
    (Xinhua News Agency reporter Yu Wenjing)

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