The 2021 China Development Forum will be held simultaneously online and offline (88.
66%) at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing from March 20 to 22.
He Lifeng, Secretary of the Party Leadership Group and Director of the National Development and Reform Commission, attended and delivered a speech entitled "Scientific and Accurate Implementation of Macroeconomic Policies to Promote the Implementation of the "14th Five-Year Plan" Outline".
He Lifeng said that efforts to maintain food security, in-depth implementation of the strategy of storing grain in the ground and storing grain in technology, strictly adhere to the red line of 1.
8 billion acres of arable land, implement black soil protection projects, and carry out provenance "stuck neck" technical research to ensure absolute safety of rations and grains.
Basically self-sufficient and sufficient supply of important agricultural and sideline products.
The following is the speech record:The following is the speech record:
Ladies and gentlemen: Hello everyone! The just-concluded national "two sessions" reviewed and approved the "14th Five-Year Plan" outline, and we are organizing and implementing it.
Just now, Vice Premier Han Zheng delivered a keynote speech.
The speech was high-pitched, far-reaching and rich in connotation, and it was very instructive after hearing it.
According to the arrangement of the meeting, I would like to comment on the effectiveness of my country's macro policy during the 13th Five-Year Plan period and the macro policy orientation during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.
The "13th Five-Year Plan" period is the decisive stage for China to build a well-off society in an all-round way.
Facing the complicated international situation and the arduous and arduous tasks of domestic reform, development and stability, especially the severe impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has not forgotten its original aspirations and remembered its mission, united and led the entire party and people of all ethnic groups to move forward.
Pioneering and innovative, adhere to the general tone of the work of seeking progress while maintaining stability, unswervingly implement the new development concept, adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, and promote high-quality development.
The main targets and indicators of the "13th Five-Year Plan" have been completed on schedule, and major strategic tasks And 165 major engineering projects are fully implemented and effective.
To observe China's economic development, we must first look at what China has achieved.
Through the implementation of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", China's economic strength, scientific and technological strength, comprehensive national strength and people's living standards have all leapt to a new level.
The total economic volume has increased from less than 70 trillion yuan in 2015 to 2020.
101 trillion yuan, and the per capita GDP has reached 10,500 US dollars.
The construction of an innovative country has achieved fruitful results.
A number of major scientific and technological achievements have emerged one after another, and the contribution rate of scientific and technological progress has exceeded 60%.
The coordinated development has been steadily promoted.
The annual grain output has been maintained at more than 1.
3 trillion catties for consecutive years.
The pace of industrial transformation and upgrading has accelerated.
The added value of manufacturing has ranked first in the world for consecutive years.
The goal of 100 million agricultural migrants and other permanent residents in urban areas has been successfully achieved.
In-depth implementation of major regional strategies.
Green development has achieved remarkable results, pollution prevention has been increased, the ecological environment has been significantly improved, and the proportion of non-fossil energy in primary energy consumption has increased to 15.
The level of opening up to the outside world continues to increase, restrictions on foreign investment access have been significantly reduced, the business environment has continued to improve, and the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" has achieved fruitful results.
Shared development has been promoted in an all-round way.
More than 60 million new jobs have been created in urban areas.
Higher education has entered the stage of popularization.
The world’s largest social security system has been established.
The task of ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation of nearly 10 million registered poor people has been completed, and poverty has been lifted.
The battle of fortifications has been fully won, the absolute poverty problem that has plagued the Chinese nation for thousands of years has been resolved historically, and the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects has achieved great historic achievements.
Observing China's economic development depends on what contribution China has made to the world.
In the past five years, China has unswervingly implemented a high-level opening up, has always supported and maintained economic globalization, deepened pragmatic cooperation with other countries, and opened up new prospects for mutual benefit and win-win results.
Over the past five years, China has been the main stabilizer and power source of world economic growth (5.
37%), and its contribution to world economic growth has averaged over 30% annually.
China has imported nearly US$10 trillion in goods over the past five years, and is the largest trading partner of more than 120 countries and regions.
The total number of China-Europe freight trains has exceeded 35,000.
Last year, China supported international anti-epidemic cooperation and provided more than 200 billion masks, 2 billion protective clothing, and 800 million test kits to relevant countries.
In the past five years, foreign direct investment was 634.
4 billion U.
dollars, and foreign capital actually utilized was 674.
5 billion U.
In 2020, China became the largest foreign capital inflow country, accounting for 19% of the world's total.
Hold high the banner of multilateralism, sign the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP), complete the negotiations on the China-EU Investment Agreement as scheduled, and vigorously promote the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment.
These figures are among the best in the world.
China is a beneficiary of world economic development, and it is also a contributor to world economic development.
ladies and gentlemen!
In today’s world, major changes unseen in a century are accelerating.
The new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation are developing in depth.
The impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic is extensive and far-reaching.
The world economic situation is complex and severe.
Economic globalization is encountering countercurrents.
The world has entered a period of turbulent change.
The stability uncertainty has increased significantly.
China’s economy has shifted to a stage of high-quality development, the problem of inadequate development is still prominent, innovation capabilities still do not meet the requirements of high-quality development, the gap between urban and rural development and income distribution is still large, people’s livelihood security is weak, and domestic epidemic prevention and control are still There are weak links, and the foundation for economic recovery is not yet solid.
At the same time, we have also seen that China has significant institutional advantages, improved governance efficiency, strong material foundation, rich human resources, broad market space, strong development resilience, and overall social stability.
It has many advantages and conditions to continue to promote high-quality development.
China’s economy has long-term advantages and conditions.
The fundamentals for the positive have not changed.
This year is the first year of the "14th Five-Year Plan", and we have released the "Outline" of the "14th Five-Year Plan".
The "Outline" clearly depicts the grand blueprint for basically realizing socialist modernization by 2035, while focusing on the "14th Five-Year Plan" phased tasks, taking into account "national major issues" and "key small issues", from economic development, innovation drive, people's livelihood, and green In five aspects including ecology and safety, 20 main indicators have been set, and 102 major engineering projects have been proposed, reflecting the overall grasp of the new development stage, the implementation of the new development concept, the construction of a new development pattern, and the promotion of high-quality development.
System implementation and integrated implementation.
We will accurately understand and firmly grasp its connotation requirements, earnestly perform our duties and fulfill our responsibilities, continuously improve the ability and level of scientific and accurate implementation of macro policies, and earnestly implement the various deployments of the "Outline".
First, innovate and improve macro-control to maintain sustained and healthy economic development.
Consolidating the foundation for economic recovery and promoting sustained and healthy economic development is an urgent task facing all countries in the world.
The "Outline" puts forward that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, China's GDP growth rate will be kept within a reasonable range, and growth targets will be proposed in each year as appropriate.
This year's "Government Work Report" puts forward an expected target of economic growth of more than 6%.
We will focus on improving the macroeconomic governance system, adhere to the strategic basis of expanding domestic demand, and organically integrate the implementation of the strategy of expanding domestic demand with the deepening of supply-side structural reforms to continuously improve development quality, efficiency, and growth potential.
Maintain the continuity, stability and sustainability of macroeconomic policies, strengthen targeted control, camera control, and precise control on the basis of interval control, pay attention to expected management and guidance, do a good job in cross-cyclical policy design, improve counter-cyclical adjustment capabilities, and continuously improve macroeconomic control Sexuality, pertinence and effectiveness.
This year’s macro policy will continue to relieve market players, maintain the necessary support, do not make a sharp turn, continue to implement a proactive fiscal policy, a prudent monetary policy, and an employment-priority policy, make good use of reform policies, adjust and improve them in accordance with changes in the situation, and further strengthen Economic fundamentals.
Accelerate the cultivation of a complete domestic demand system, fully tap the potential of the domestic market, focus on improving people's livelihood expansion needs, increase traditional consumption, cultivate new types of consumption, develop service consumption, and appropriately increase public consumption.
Promote the benign interaction between consumption and investment, increase investment to make up for shortcomings, and promote the construction of new infrastructure, new urbanization, transportation and water conservancy and other major projects.
Promote the domestic and international dual cycle, coordinate the construction of a strong domestic market and a strong trade country, link production, distribution, circulation, and consumption, continue to expand the supply of high-quality products and services, promote the coordinated development of imports and exports, improve the level of international two-way investment, and continue to strengthen China The attractiveness of the economy to global factor resources and the ability to cooperate.
Second, persist in innovation-driven development and accelerate the development of a modern industrial system.
Innovation is the first driving force for development, and it plays a central role in the overall situation of China's modernization drive.
The "Outline" proposes that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, China's entire society's investment in research and development will increase by more than 7% annually, and strive to invest more than the actual amount during the "13th Five-Year" period.
We will take technological self-reliance and self-reliance as a strategic support for national development, focus on economic development on the real economy, and coordinately promote technological innovation, industrial upgrading, green development and digital transformation.
Accelerate the building of a strong country in science and technology, strengthen the national strategic science and technology forces, fight for key core technologies, enhance enterprise technological innovation capabilities, stimulate talent innovation vitality, improve scientific and technological innovation systems and mechanisms, promote the deep integration of technological innovation and the real economy, and cultivate new momentum for growth.
Consolidate and strengthen the foundation of the real economy, advance the advanced industrial base and modernize the industrial chain, maintain a basically stable proportion of the manufacturing industry, develop and expand strategic emerging industries, and promote the prosperity and development of the service industry.
Promote the green transformation of development methods, resolutely curb the blind development of high-energy-consuming and high-emission projects, promote the green transformation of key industries and important fields, and accelerate the development of a green economy.
Vigorously promote the development of digitalization, strengthen the innovative application of key digital technologies, coordinate the promotion of digital industrialization and industrial digital transformation, accelerate the pace of digital society construction, improve the level of digital government construction, and build a digital China.
Third, deepen reforms in key areas to further stimulate the vitality of market players.
China has entered a new stage of development, and deepening reform is facing new situations and new tasks.
The "Outline" puts forward that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the socialist market economic system will be more perfect and market entities will be more vibrant.
We will give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, better play the role of the government, and promote a better combination of effective markets and effective governments.
Promote the common development of multiple ownership economies, accelerate the optimization and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy, deepen the reform of mixed ownership of state-owned enterprises, further relax market access for private enterprises, and increase tax and fee concessions and credit support.
Build a high-standard market system, carry out comprehensive reform pilots for the market-oriented allocation of factors, protect the property rights of various market entities on an equal basis in accordance with the law, improve the social credit system, and form a unified domestic market with high efficiency, regulation and fair competition.
Maintain a fair competitive market environment, implement a unified negative list system for market access, strengthen anti-monopoly and prevent the disorderly expansion of capital, build a first-class business environment, accelerate the modernization of regulatory capabilities, and promote the survival of the fittest through fair supervision.
Fourth, focus on promoting the coordinated development of urban and rural areas and further optimize the development pattern.
Agriculture and rural areas are the biggest shortcomings in China's modernization process, and new urbanization is where the biggest potential for domestic demand lies.
The "Outline" proposes that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the urbanization rate of China's permanent population will reach 65%.
We will fully implement the rural revitalization strategy, deepen the new-type urbanization, strengthen the use of industry to supplement agriculture, use cities to lead the countryside, and improve the regional coordinated development system.
Persist in the priority development of agriculture and rural areas, deepen the structural reform of the agricultural supply side, enrich the rural economy, implement rural construction actions, improve the urban-rural integration development system and mechanism, and achieve the consolidation and expansion of poverty alleviation results and the effective connection of rural revitalization.
Promote a new type of urbanization centered on people, accelerate the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population, improve the spatial layout of urbanization, develop and expand urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas, promote the "weight reduction and fitness" of super-large cities, and improve the livable and business-friendly functions of large and medium-sized cities.
Promote the urbanization construction with counties as an important carrier.
Promote the coordinated development of regions, adhere to the principle that mountains are suitable for mountains, water is suitable for water, food is suitable for grain, agriculture is suitable for agriculture, work is suitable for industry, and business is suitable for business.
In-depth implementation of major regional strategies, regional coordinated development strategies, and main functional zone strategies , Support the development of special types of regions, and promote the relative balance between east, middle and west, and north and south during development.
Fifth, continue to improve people's livelihood and well-being, and continuously enhance the people's sense of happiness and security.
People's livelihood is the foundation of people's happiness and the foundation of social harmony.
Among the 20 main indicators for economic and social development in the "14th Five-Year Plan" proposed in the "Outline", there are 7 "people's livelihood and well-being" indicators, which account for the highest proportion in any previous five-year plan.
We will continue to do our best and do what we can, strengthen the construction of inclusive, basic and comprehensive people's livelihood, and formulate an action plan for promoting common prosperity, so that development results will benefit all people more and more equitably.
Take multiple measures to increase the income level of residents, continue to increase the income of low-income groups, expand middle-income groups, increase the property income of urban and rural residents through multiple channels, increase the adjustment and accuracy of taxation, social security, and transfer payments, and improve the distribution of income and wealth .
Continue to improve environmental quality, carry out in-depth pollution prevention and control actions, comprehensively upgrade the level of environmental infrastructure, formulate and implement an action plan for peaking carbon emissions by 2030, and improve the dual control of total energy consumption and intensity.
Improve the quality and level of public services, accelerate the filling of shortcomings in basic public services, continue to implement the employment priority strategy, accelerate the improvement of a multi-level social security system that covers all people, coordinates urban and rural areas, is fair, unified, and sustainable, and builds a high-quality education system and comprehensive Fangfang's full-cycle health system, vigorously develop inclusive elderly care services, and enhance the level of human capital and the overall development capabilities of people.
Sixth, coordinate development and security, and strengthen national economic security.
Safety is the prerequisite for development, and development is the guarantee of safety.
The "Outline" set up a special chapter on safe development for the first time, proposing that the comprehensive production capacity of food should reach more than 650 million tons and the comprehensive production capacity of energy should reach more than 4.
6 billion tons of standard coal.
We will strengthen economic security risk early warning, prevention and control mechanisms and capacity building to achieve safety and control in key industries, infrastructure, strategic resources, and major technologies.
Efforts to maintain food security, in-depth implementation of the strategy of storing grain on the ground and storing grain on technology, strictly adhere to the red line of 1.
8 billion acres of arable land, implement black soil protection projects, and carry out technical research on seed sources to ensure absolute safety of rations and basic self-sufficiency of grains.
The supply of important agricultural and sideline products is sufficient.
Focus on maintaining the security of energy resources, adhere to the domestic base, make up for shortcomings, diversify guarantees, strengthen reserves, improve the production, supply, storage and marketing system, and enhance the ability to sustain stable supply of energy and risk management and control.
Efforts will be made to maintain the safety of the supply chain of the industrial chain, improve the basic capabilities of the industry and the level of the industrial chain, and enhance the ability of the industrial system to resist shocks.
Focus on maintaining financial security, improve financial risk prevention, early warning, disposal, and accountability systems, and keep the bottom line that systemic risks do not occur.
Seventh, implement a high-level opening to the outside world and open up new prospects for win-win cooperation.
China's door to opening up will not be closed, it will only open wider and wider.
The "Outline" puts forward that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, new steps will be taken in opening up to the outside world, and a new higher-level open economic system will basically take shape.
We will implement wider, broader, and deeper opening up to the outside world, relying on China's super-large-scale market advantages to promote international cooperation and achieve mutual benefit and win-win results.
Promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, promote stable development of imports and exports, further reduce the negative list of foreign investment access, implement post-access national treatment, improve the layout of free trade pilot zones, and steadily promote the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port.
Promote the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” high-quality development, strengthen the docking of development strategies and policies, promote the interconnection of infrastructure, actively develop the Silk Road e-commerce, and deepen international capacity cooperation.
Actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system, maintain and improve the multilateral economic governance mechanism, promote the signing of more high-standard free trade agreements and regional trade agreements, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.
ladies and gentlemen!
In the first two months of this year, China’s economic operation has maintained a sustained recovery and steady improvement.
Major indicators such as consumption, investment, import and export, regulated industrial added value, and service industry production index have all maintained over 30% year-on-year.
Economic leading indicators such as electricity generation and consumption and daily railway loading have also maintained rapid growth.
Manufacturing and non-manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) continue to be in the expansion range.
This not only shows that China's macro policies are effective, but also shows that Chinese companies have a strong ability to adapt to changes in the situation, the resilience of China's economic development is very strong, and the stamina of China's economic growth is very strong.
China's economy has been deeply integrated into the global economy, and China's development is an opportunity for the world, which will provide a broad space for cooperation between domestic and foreign investors.
We sincerely hope and are very willing to work with friends from all walks of life at home and abroad to create opportunities in opening up, solve problems in cooperation, and work together to create a better tomorrow.
I wish this annual meeting a complete success!
thank you all!
Source: Sina Finance
Note: All pictures in the article are reprinted on the Internet, and infringement will be deleted!
Note: All pictures in the article are reprinted on the Internet, and infringement will be deleted!
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