How to prevent cardiovascular disease in winter? Expert tricks
Last Update: 2021-01-13
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, Jan. 9 (Xinhua Zhang Jianxin) Winter is a high incidence of cardiovascular disease season, every year from November to February, due to cardiovascular disease is relatively large number of patients. Experts remind that we should strengthen prevention awareness, eat and live regularly, and maintain optimism.
do cardiovascular diseases are more common in winter? Yang Qing, director of the department of cardiovascular medicine at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, said that cold winter weather, blood vessel contraction, reduced people's activity, slow blood flow, easy to cause insufficient blood supply to the heart and brain;
who should especially strengthen the prevention of cardiovascular disease in winter? Experts pointed out:
is high blood pressure patients. Hypertension is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, with average blood pressure higher in winter than in summer, and blood pressure fluctuates easily.
second is coronary heart disease patients. There has been a marked increase in the number of people suffering from angina and acute myocardial infarction in winter.
is diabetic. Diabetics have three times the risk of cardiovascular disease in normal people, and many people have high blood pressure, so diabetics must pay attention to the prevention of cardiovascular disease in winter.
is a smoker. Nicotine in cigarettes can cause heart and cerebrovascular disease by speeding up heartbeats, higher blood pressure, and vascular spasms.
are the elderly. The age characteristics of cardiovascular disease are very prominent, and with age, morbidity and mortality increase significantly.
How to prevent cardiovascular disease in winter, experts such a trick:
First, life should be regular, avoid cold stimulation, in the outing should pay attention to add clothes, especially to pay attention to the hands, head, face warmth, should wear masks, gloves and hats.
second is to ensure the amount of drinking water, before morning exercise and before going to bed at night, it is best to drink a glass of warm water, usually should also pay attention to drink more warm water, dilute blood, reduce viscosity.
Third, the diet should be light, eat more grains, vegetables, fruits and other foods, reduce salt intake, limit high-fat and high-calorie food, so that vegetarian combination, thick mixed eating.
Fourth is to remember to get up slowly, early morning the body's blood vessel strain is the worst, sudden activity easily trigger cardiovascular disease, should wake up in the morning after 5 minutes to get up activities.
is to exercise in moderity, it is best to exercise after sunrise, choose the right way to exercise.
is to maintain an optimistic attitude towards life and avoid mood swings and ups and downs.
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