echemi logo
  • Product
  • Supplier
  • Inquiry
    Home > Chemicals Industry > Chemical Technology > Identification of Saffron

    Identification of Saffron

    • Last Update: 2022-06-22
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
    Search more information of high quality chemicals, good prices and reliable suppliers, visit


    [Source] This product is the dried stigma of Crocus sativus L.
    , a plant of Iridaceae


    [Properties] This product is linear, three-branched, about 3cm long
    Dark red, the upper part is wider and slightly flat, the top edge is irregularly toothed, there is a short crack inside, and a small yellow >
    Light in body, soft in texture, non-greasy luster, brittle and easy to break after drying (Figure 18-8A~C)

    Gas-specific, slightly irritating, slightly bitter taste


    [Identification] This product is orange-red powder
    The surface of the epidermal cells is elongated, with thin and slightly curved walls, and some of the outer walls are protruding and milky

    Figure 18-8 Saffron
    Safflower B.
    Three branches C.
    Apical dentate D.
    Epidermal cell papillary protrusion E.
    Calcium oxalate crystal F.

    Head-like or fluffy, with faintly visible slender textures on the surface
    The epidermal cells at the top of the stigma are villiform, 26-56um in diameter, with sparse texture on the surface

    Calcium oxalate crystals accumulate in parenchyma cells, which are granular, round cluster, fusiform or square-like, with a diameter of 2-14um (Figure 18-8D~F)

    【Character identification characteristics】

    (1) It is linear, three-branched, dark red, and the upper part is wider and slightly flattened

    (2) The top edge is tooth-like with a short crack inside

    (3) A small yellow >

    (4) The water immersion liquid is dyed yellow without precipitation

    【Microscopic identification features】

    (1) The surface of the epidermal cells is long, thin and slightly curved

    (2) Some protruding outer walls are papillary or villous

    (3) Calcium oxalate crystals accumulate in parenchyma cells and are granular, round cluster, spindle or square-like

    (4) Threaded conduit

    Related Links: Identification of Cinnabar and Identification of Pearls



    This article is an English version of an article which is originally in the Chinese language on and is provided for information purposes only. This website makes no representation or warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, as to the accuracy, completeness ownership or reliability of the article or any translations thereof. If you have any concerns or complaints relating to the article, please send an email, providing a detailed description of the concern or complaint, to A staff member will contact you within 5 working days. Once verified, infringing content will be removed immediately.

    Related Articles

    Contact Us

    The source of this page with content of products and services is from Internet, which doesn't represent ECHEMI's opinion. If you have any queries, please write to It will be replied within 5 days.

    Moreover, if you find any instances of plagiarism from the page, please send email to with relevant evidence.