First, the overall situation in 2018 our province completed the production and sale of edible oils and fats and their products, beverages, condiments, sugar, alcohol, fried food and nut products, bee products, frozen drinks, canned, dairy products, food additives, food and beverage products, cocoa and roasted coffee products, convenience foods, aquatic products, fruit products, starch and starch products, food processing products, cakes Point, candy products, meat products, tea and related products, vegetable products, potato and puffed food, egg products, soy products, frozen food, edible agricultural products, biscuits and other 29 categories of a total of 9743 batches of national transfer local food supervision and sampling work, of which 9585 batches qualified, pass rate 98.38, unqualified 158 batches, non-conformity rate of 1.62%.
Sampling area covers 14 cities in our province, sampling links cover the production, circulation of supermarkets, finished goods stores, farmers' markets, wholesale markets, grocery stores, school canteens and other (businesses, distributors, integrated stores, etc.) and other industries and restaurants in the field of large, medium and small restaurants and other places.
, sampling results analysis of various types of food sampling, in the sampling of 29 categories of food: frozen food non-conformity rate of 8.4% (10/119); 1% (5/98); fruit product non-conformity rate was 5.04% (6/119); fried food and nut products non-conformity rate was 4.76% (15/315); alcohol non-conformity rate was 3.71% (36/9) 70); pastry non-conformity rate of 2.11% (18/852); food and agricultural products non-conformity rate of 1.84% (24/1305); seasoning non-conformity rate of 1.62% (10/616); sugar non-conformity rate of 1.84% (24/1305); 61% (1/62); beverage non-conformity rate of 1.37% (9/671); edible oil and grease and their products non-conformity rate of 1.23% (3/243); and bee product non-conformity rate of 1.05% (1/95) The non-conformity rate of food and beverage products was 0.84% (5/810), the non-conformity rate of vegetable products was 0.81% (3/371), and the non-conformity rate of meat products was 0.59% (3/509). 0.51% (1/195) for soy products, 0.51% (1/197) for canned goods and 0.23% (1/197) for aquatic products 438); Food processing failure rate of 0.09% (1/1172); dairy products (74), food additives (20), cocoa and roasted coffee products (8), confectionery products (80), Unqualified products were not detected in 9 categories of foods, including biscuits (40), potato and puffed foods (82), egg products (141), frozen foods (268), tea and related products (22).
, verification and disposal of the situation in 2018 our province to deal with the national transfer of local food supervision sampling non-conforming samples task for a total of 206 pieces.
inspection and disposal of 123 pieces of production links, circulation links of 83 pieces.
involved in our province's production enterprises 91, operating 60 enterprises.
6804 bags, 9005 bags, 152 boxes, 1259 bottles, 101 boxes of non-conforming food, a total of 5497.69 kg.
recalled 4,032 bags, 1,874 bottles and 38 cases of nonconforming food, totalling 3,493.09 kg.
confiscated 1548 bags, 8977 bags, 152 boxes and 529 bottles of illegal food production and operation, totalling 4,661.22 kg.
4. The main problems found in the sampling of unqualified food related to food categories 20 items, unqualified items are: over-limit use of food additives, heavy metal residues, pesticide residues, banned veterinary drugs, acid prices, peroxide values, total number of bacteria, pathogenic bacteria and other items, mainly: 1. ultra-limited use of food additives sampling found that 57 batches of food there is an over-limit use of food additives.
Of these, 11 batches involved sorbic acid and its potassium salts, 10 batches involved sorthion, 13 batches involved dehydroacetic acid and its sodium salts, 8 batches involved sulfur dioxide residues, 3 batches involved 4-sodium chlorobenzene acetate, and 12 batches involved the proportion of their maximum use when the preservatives were mixed.
dehydroacetic acid and its sodium salts are widely used as preservatives and have a strong inhibitory effect on mold.
The National Standard for food additives for Food Safety (GB2760-2014) stipulates that the maximum use of dehydroacetic acid and its sodium salts in prefabribrio and cooked meat products is 0.5g/kg.
Causes dehydroacetic acid and its sodium salts to fail, may be the individual production enterprises in order to prevent food corruption and desalination, to increase product shelf life, or to make up for poor hygiene in the production process of products and the use of dehydroacetic acid and its sodium salts.
2. The sampling of metal pollutants found that 11 batches of food related to metal pollutants, of which 5 batches of food related to cadmium contamination.
5 batches involved aluminum residues and 1 batch involved lead contamination.
cadmium is a common heavy metal pollutant in food, and the United Nations Environment Programme (DNFP) and the International Commission on Occupational Health Heavy Metals have included cadmium as an environmental pollutant for research, with the World Health Organization (WHO) priority for research.
heavy metals such as cadmium are mainly chronic accumulation hazards to human body.
of excess cadmium in aquatic products may be related to environmental pollution of the origin caused by industrial production and elevated background content of natural media.
3. Pesticide residue sampling found that 9 batches of vegetables have pesticide residue problems.
Of these, 1 batch involves rotting mold, 6 batches involve poisonous ticks, 1 batch involves methamidophos, and 1 batch involves fluorosterite pesticide residues, especially toxic moths, which is an organophosphate insecticide with killing, gastric toxicity and fumigation.
"National Standard Food Safety Pesticide Residue Limit" (GB 2763-2016) stipulates that the maximum residual limit in celery is 0.05mg/kg.
toxicity to fish and aquatic organisms, and the residual period in soil is longer.
long-term exposure to toxic ticks may lead to neurotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, affecting the growth and development of embryos.
small amount of pesticide residues will not cause acute poisoning in the human body, but long-term consumption of pesticide residues exceeding the standard of food, human health has a certain impact.
4. Banned veterinary drug sampling found that 6 batches of banned veterinary drugs were detected in aquatic products, livestock meat and by-products.
four of these batches involved Ennosha star (in the case of Ennosha star and cycloproxacin), one batch involved oxyfluorosa star, and one batch involved tessin.
is a class of synthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobials used to treat skin infections, respiratory infections, etc. in animals.
The Maximum Residual Limit for Veterinary Medicines in Animal Foods (Ministry of Agriculture Bulletin No. 235) stipulates that Enosa star (in the form of Ennosha star and cyclosar star) may be used for cattle, sheep, pigs, rabbits, poultry and other edible livestock and other animals, and that the maximum residual limit in the muscles and fats of cattle, poultry and other animals is 100 g/kg and is prohibited in egg-producing chickens (not detected in eggs).
long-term consumption of Enosa star residue super-standard food, has a certain impact on human health.
5. Other contaminant sampling found that other important non-conforming food non-conforming items have 5 batches involving acid price, 9 batches involving peroxide value, 19 batches involving the total number of bacteria, 9 batches involving pathogenic bacteria, 29 batches involving non-conforming alcohol.
total number of mesobacteria is an indicative microbial indicator, which is mainly used to evaluate food cleanliness and reflect whether food meets hygiene requirements in the production process.
"National Standard for Food Safety" (GB 19640-2016) stipulates that the total number of places in the same batch of 5 independent packaging products is not allowed to have more than 105CFU/g, and at least 3 packaging products test results do not exceed 104CFU/g.
"National Standard for Food Safety" (GB 14884-2016) stipulates that the total number of 5 test results in honeyduckles shall not exceed 104CFU/g, and at least 3 test results shall not exceed 103CFU/g.
The cause of the total number of places exceeded the standard, may be that individual enterprises did not strictly control the production and processing process of sanitary conditions, or packaging container cleaning and disinfection is not in place;
In short, the national standards for food and edible agricultural products, industry standards and food supplementary standards listed items prohibited addition and limit, are to protect human health and life and property safety requirements, market regulatory authorities to "five in place" (unqualified product control in place, reasons in place, rectification in place, administrative penalties in place, information disclosure in place) as the overall leader, increase the intensity of verification and disposal work and punishment.
regularly organize sampling and monitoring results analysis report, study the existence of major food safety problems, issue early warning information, prompt regulatory authorities, industry enterprises, consumers should pay attention to the risks.
the public can check the 2018 announcement on food safety supervision and sampling information on the website of the Liaoning Provincial Drug Administration and the website of the Liaoning Provincial Market Supervision Administration.
website: (Liaoning Provincial Drug Administration) (Liaoning Provincial Market Supervision Administration)