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    Home > Chemicals Industry > New Chemical Materials > Inorganic coatings are developing in the direction of green, safe and pollution-free

    Inorganic coatings are developing in the direction of green, safe and pollution-free

    • Last Update: 2022-06-01
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Organic coatings occupy a leading position in the market, but with the advancement of science and technology, inorganic coatings and organic-inorganic composite coatings have gradually emerged
    According to the basic composition of raw materials, coatings can be divided into three categories: organic coatings, inorganic coatings and organic-inorganic composite coatings
    ? Organic coatings dominate the market, but with the advancement of science and technology, inorganic coatings and organic-inorganic composite coatings have gradually emerged
    Inorganic coatings do not use organic polymers as the film-forming base material, but mainly use inorganic compounds such as silicate, silica sol or inorganic phosphonate as the main film-forming base material, with pigments, fillers and no more than 5% of the total coating additives, curing agents consisting of inorganic coatings
    ? The film-forming mechanism of inorganic coatings is mainly silicate reacts with water to generate colloidal silica and hydroxide.
    As the water decreases, the solid content increases.
    The colloidal silica polymerizes with silicon-oxygen bonds to form polymer silica gels, and finally Dehydration and condensation form a silicon-oxygen network structure
    The resource advantages and environmental protection advantages of inorganic coatings? Most of the base materials of inorganic coatings are made of very common and abundant natural ores or metal oxides as raw materials, and the production process is not complicated, and the energy consumption is relatively Lower
    Most inorganic coatings use water as the dispersion medium, which fundamentally solves the environmental pollution caused by solvents in the coating industry
    The inorganic film-forming base material itself is non-toxic, except for the volatilization of water, there is no harmful problem of VOC such as free monomer, and it will not release harmful substances to the atmosphere under flame or high temperature
    In recent years, inorganic coatings have been widely used in the fields of interior and exterior wall building decoration, rust prevention, bridge pier protection and high temperature protection, and a variety of functional inorganic coatings have been developed accordingly
    Such as high temperature resistant inorganic coatings, some temperature resistant materials are added to the coating, such as low melting point glass powder, aluminum powder, pearl powder and other substances
    The melting point of low-melting glass is relatively low in comparison, and it can be melted under low heating conditions to form an enamel body, so as to achieve the high temperature stage of the silicone resin coating, from a simple low-temperature resin film to a high-temperature short glass "Secondary film formation" of powder to form an inorganic high temperature resistant coating
    ? Aluminum powder has scaly and spherical shapes.
    Because of its flaky microstructure, it can form an alloy layer under high temperature conditions.
    The alloy layer can greatly improve the bonding ability of the coating and the substrate, thereby improving the adhesion and mechanical properties, and Improve the temperature resistance of the coating, so that the inorganic coating has excellent temperature resistance and weather resistance
    ? Inorganic anti-corrosion coating is the addition of graphene oxide, alcohol-soluble alkyl silicate, silicate and other substances to inorganic coatings to prevent corrosion of metal materials.
    After the graphite powder is oxidized and peeled off, the graphene oxide is The introduction of oxygen-containing functional groups on the sheet improves the dispersibility of graphene in the matrix, while retaining the layered structure of graphite to make the coating have barrier properties, and improve the ability of the coating to prevent corrosion ions from penetrating into the corrosion substrate
    The application of inorganic coatings in architecture.
    Inorganic coatings have good applications in many famous buildings, including China's Beijing City Sub-center, Shanghai's Olympic Garden, Hong Kong's new airport and subway, the White House of the United States, and the Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom.
    Arab palace, Germany Wies Church and Siemens headquarters and Singapore presidential palace and so on
    ? Inorganic coatings have many advantages, but there are also problems such as insufficient decorative effects, weak adhesion, and high production costs for certain inorganic coatings
    In addition, there are no good reference standards for domestic inorganic coatings.
    The existing standards cannot reflect the characteristics of inorganic coatings.
    It is recommended to screen out the performance by testing the organic content, scrubbing resistance, water vapor transmission rate and other related experimental tests.
    Good inorganic coating
    ? Therefore, it is recommended that coating manufacturers and scientific research units expand the related research work on the performance development and application construction of inorganic coatings, and further conform to the development of green, safe and pollution-free coatings
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