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    Home > Food News > Food Articles > Make good use of international and domestic food markets in a balanced way

    Make good use of international and domestic food markets in a balanced way

    • Last Update: 2021-07-21
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    A bumper harvest of grain production and an increase in grain imports coexist, becoming a landscape of China's grain market
    .
    In 2020, China's grain production will receive the "17 consecutive harvests", and at the same time, grain imports will exceed 140 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 28%

    .
    Among them, soybean imports exceeded 100 million tons, and corn imports exceeded the import tariff quota for the first time

    .
    The increase in food imports has effectively made up for the gap between supply and demand in the domestic market and ensured a stable supply of the food market

    .
    However, for a large grain-consuming country like China, the food problem cannot be solved by importing grain, and it is necessary to make good use of the two resources of the international and domestic markets

    .

    The continuous growth of feed grain and industrial grain was the main reason for the sharp increase in grain imports last year
    .
    The speeding up of the production expansion of the aquaculture industry, especially the pig industry, has led to a substantial increase in the demand for feed corn and soybeans.
    The expansion of corn deep processing capacity has led to a significant increase in the demand for the corn industry.
    The supply and demand of corn has shifted from a phased surplus to a tight supply.
    Imported corn obviously helps balance The domestic supply gap

    .
    At the same time, last year, domestic grain prices remained high, and domestic and foreign grain prices were severely inverted, which stimulated a significant increase in grain imports to a certain extent

    .

    Appropriate imports are an important way to ensure national food security.
    However, it is necessary to grasp the scale and pace of food imports, to prevent and resolve large-scale imports of food from endangering the safety of the domestic food industry, and to prevent China's large-scale imports of food from raising international food prices

    .
    From the perspective of maintaining domestic food industry security and world food security, China has long implemented import quota management for the three major staple foods of rice, wheat and corn, and maintained the number of import quotas unchanged.
    The tariffs within the quotas are extremely low, and the excess of the quota will be levied.
    Tariffs above 65%

    .
    In recent years, some countries have asked China to increase corn import quotas or even completely liberalize corn imports.
    However, judging from the 2021 grain import quota policy announced by relevant state departments, the number of China's three major staple food import quotas remains unchanged

    .

    It is worth noting that China’s grain imports are currently facing many challenges: the trend of anti-globalization has intensified, unilateralism and protectionism are on the rise; the new crown pneumonia epidemic has impacted the global food supply chain, and the uncertainty of global food trade has increased; the degree of foreign dependence on soybeans The source is highly concentrated, and more than 90% are imported from Brazil, the United States and Argentina
    .
    There is a long-standing concern of "stuck neck" .
    Once international economic and trade frictions and conflicts occur, they will affect the stability of China's food imports

    .

    Therefore, in the current complicated international environment, China must firmly hold onto the initiative of food imports and ensure the stability of food imports
    .

    On the one hand, it is necessary to strengthen the ability to control the global food supply chain
    .
    Actively guide domestic powerful grain companies to "go global", strive to build a large Chinese grain merchant with international competitiveness, build an efficient, coordinated, precise, agile, safe, resilient, green and sustainable grain supply chain, and ensure that international grain trade is not hindered , Grain logistics is not interrupted

    .

    On the other hand, we must gradually build a diversified import pattern
    .
    Strengthen multilateral and bilateral cooperation with international organizations and other countries, implement a diversified food import strategy through medium and long-term trade agreements and other methods, and change the relatively single source of imports, which is easily subject to changes in export policies and output

    .

    From the perspective of grain import structure, the contradiction of structural shortage is still one of the hidden dangers affecting China's food security
    .
    To firmly hold the initiative in food security, we must base ourselves on the country, concentrate domestic resources to ensure priority, achieve basic self-sufficiency in cereals, absolute security of rations, and respond to the uncertainty of the international market with the security and stability of domestic supplies

    .
    It is necessary to thoroughly implement the strategy of storing grain on the ground and storing grain on technology, solve the "two bottlenecks" of arable land and seeds, consolidate and improve comprehensive agricultural production capacity, and lay a solid foundation for food security

    .
    Build a food safety industrial belt, optimize the structure of grain varieties, and focus on increasing the supply of high-oil and high-protein soybeans, forage corn, high-quality rice and high-quality wheat with strong gluten and weak gluten, so as to gradually resolve the contradiction of structural shortage of grain

    .

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