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    Home > Medical News > Medical World News > Nature Sub-Journal: Pregnancy Reduces Breast Cancer Risk Through Epigenetic Reprogramming

    Nature Sub-Journal: Pregnancy Reduces Breast Cancer Risk Through Epigenetic Reprogramming

    • Last Update: 2020-06-15
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Previous studies have shown that women who become pregnant before the age of 25 are 30 percent less likely to develop breast cancerPregnancy causes a series of cellular and molecular changes in the breast epithelial cells (MEC) in adult womenA new study of mice has revealed how pregnancy reduces the mechanism of breast cancerThe researchers found that pregnancy reprogrammed chromatin enhancers in the MEC in mice and affected the transcription altimeron (cMYC)The findings were published in the journal Nature CommunicationsThe paper's author, DrCamila dos Santos, an assistant professor at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in the United States, is working on how signals that appear during pregnancy alter gene expression, how these changes affect normal and malignant breast development, and provide molecular details of pregnancy protectionDr Camila dos Santos said: "The pregnancy itself changes the way the DNA area is opened or closedLike a yo-yo, the center is what we call a nuclear bodyIt is a bundle of protein that protects DNAWhen you release a melodious ball, you get a string that represents a portion of the DNA that is openAnd because it is open, transcription factors can bind and turn genes on or offIf you pull the yo-yo back, everything goes into the yo-yoThis is what we call closed chromatin, so transcription factors cannot be combined there"The team over-expressed the cMYC gene and found that MEC after pregnancy was resistant to the cancer of the geneIn contrast, pre-pregnancy MEC is not resistant to cMYC and is still susceptible to cancerBasically, pregnancy prevents breast cells from interacting with cancer-causing genes, and doing so does not change the normal epigenetics of pregnancyDrDos Santos's research also showed that cMYC overexpression drives post-pregnancy MEC into an aging state, which stops cells from growing and prevents cancer from developingAccording to DrDos Santos, senescent cells are "in a gray area and do not grow or die," meaning they can remain aging, dead, or cancerousThe cancer gene is turned off, and at the same time, the gene that causes the cell's death is turned onThese signals are a key factor in the number of these cells that do not turn into cancerDrDos Santos and his team are now determining whether human breast cells work in the same way as miceThey also transplanted the cells that changed the pregnancy to mice that had never been pregnant, hoping to find out whether the altered cells affected non-pregnancy environmentsIn summary, this study provides useful insights into the protection of pregnancy and may lead to new drug targets.
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