Resident nutrition and chronic disease status are important indicators that reflect the country's economic and social development, health care level, and population health quality
From 2015 to 2019, the National Health Commission organized the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Cancer Center, and the National Cardiovascular Disease Center to carry out chronic disease and nutrition surveillance of Chinese residents, covering nearly 600 million people in 31 provinces and over 600,000 on-site surveys.
According to the monitoring results, the "Report on Nutrition and Chronic Disease Status of Chinese Residents (2020)" (hereinafter referred to as the report) was compiled and formed
On December 23, the State Council Information Office issued a report and held a press conference
According to Li Bin, deputy director of the National Health Commission, the report shows that in recent years, with the in-depth advancement of people's livelihood projects such as the construction of a healthy China and healthy poverty alleviation, China's nutrition improvement and chronic disease prevention and control have made positive progress and significant results
"The average height of adults in China continues to grow
" Li Bin said that the average heights of men and women aged 18-44 are 169.
7 cm and 158 cm, respectively, an increase of 1.
2 cm and 0.
8 cm respectively compared with 2015
The growth and development level of children and adolescents has continued to improve.
The heights of boys and girls aged 6-17 have increased by 1.
6 cm and 1 cm respectively.
The growth retardation rate of children under 6 years old has dropped to less than 7%, and the low weight rate has dropped to less than 5%.
All have achieved the 2020 national planning goals
In particular, the problem of stunting in rural children has been fundamentally improved.
The stunting rate of children under 6 in rural areas has dropped from 11.
3% in 2015 to 5.
8%, and children and adolescents aged 6-17 have dropped from 4.
7% to 2.
The improvement of residents' physical development benefited from the continuous improvement of nutritional status
Urban and rural residents have adequate dietary intake of energy, protein, fat, and carbohydrates in the three macronutrients, and their intake of high-quality protein has been increasing
Micronutrient deficiencies in the population have also been continuously improved
Taking anemia as an example, the report shows that the anemia rate of residents aged 18 and over in China is 8.
7%, that of children and adolescents aged 6-17 is 6.
1%, and that of pregnant women is 13.
6%, which is a significant decrease compared with 2015
In recent years, China has vigorously advocated a healthy and civilized lifestyle.
With the intensification of special actions and work such as "three reductions and three health" (reduction of salt, oil, sugar, healthy mouth, healthy weight, and healthy bones), tobacco control, and alcohol restriction, etc.
With the advancement, residents’ health awareness has gradually increased
"Residents are paying more and more attention to their own health, and the proportion of people who regularly measure health indicators such as weight, blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipids has increased significantly
" Li Bin said
The premature mortality rate of major chronic diseases has been declining year by year, and the labor loss caused by chronic diseases has been significantly reduced
In 2019, the premature mortality rate of Chinese residents due to four types of major chronic diseases, including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, was 16.
5%, a decrease of 2 percentage points from 2015, and a decrease of 10.
8%, which was achieved ahead of schedule.
2020 national planning target
With the continuous improvement of China's economic and social development and the continuous improvement of health services, the average life expectancy of residents continues to increase, and the proportion of deaths due to chronic diseases will continue to increase
In 2019, deaths caused by chronic diseases in China accounted for 88.
5% of the total deaths, and the death rate of central cerebrovascular diseases, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases was 80.
The prevention and control work still faces huge challenges
For example, high-fat, high-salt, polysaccharide and other lifestyles are still common among residents, overweight and obesity continue to become prominent, and the prevalence and incidence of chronic diseases are still on the rise
Li Bin said that the Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the prevention and control of chronic diseases, and have incorporated the implementation of a comprehensive prevention and control strategy for chronic diseases into the "Healthy China 2030" Planning Outline, and rational diets have been included in the "Healthy China Action (2019-2030)"
Put prevention in a more prominent position, and further focus on the main nutrition and chronic disease problems faced by the people at present, coordinated advancement from the three levels of government, society, and individuals (family), through measures such as popularizing health knowledge, participating in health actions, and providing health services.
, Actively and effectively respond to current challenges, and promote the realization of national health
"People's Daily" (Edition 04 on December 24, 2020)