China Energy News reported on October 18, "September 20-24, the Central Sixth Ecological Environmental Protection Supervision Team sank to the Huodong mining area in Shanxi to carry out on-site inspections.
The inspectors found that the National Energy Administration was not strict in auditing and checking the Huodong mining area in Shanxi.
The overall plan lacks requirements for the protection of springs, and some coal mines in mining areas violate regulations and over-explore or even unlicensed mining of karst groundwater.
” A warning case recently notified by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment criticized the National Energy Administration and several coal mines by name, causing industry concern.
The notification shows that the Huodong mining area belongs to the restricted development area determined by the "National Plan for Major Functional Zones" and is sensitive to water environment.
However, of the 26 coal mines involved in this mining area, 22 of them have been mining karst water.
Among them, 6 coal mines have illegally mined karst water exceeding 600,000 cubic meters since 2018 without water extraction permits; although 16 coal mines have water extraction permits, 11 of them have overexploitation behavior, accounting for nearly 70%.
Investigating the reason, the inspection team pointed the root cause to the overall planning of the mining area.
As the basic basis, the planning not only failed to play a guiding role, but was unscientific and unreasonable, and laid serious hidden dangers.
The reporter learned that in the field of domestic coal mine development, the above situation is not an isolated case, and the existing problems of coal mining area planning are far more than just Here.
"The direct and rare use of the board on the National Energy Administration shows the seriousness of the planning problem.
The total planned area of Huodong mining area is about 4110 square kilometers, and the total coal resources are 36.
6 billion tons.
It is not only an important component of Jinzhong Base, 14 large coal bases in the country, but also defined in the National Mineral Resources Plan (2016-2020).
One of the nationally planned mining areas has been listed as a key regulatory area.
In addition to the importance of identity, Huodong mining area is also a sensitive area of ecological environment.
It is reported that Huoquan is one of the 19 large karst springs in Shanxi.
It is responsible for local agricultural irrigation and drinking water sources.
Underground karst water with a depth of more than 500 meters is its main source of water supply.
As early as 1998, the "Regulations on the Protection of Spring Water Resources in Shanxi Province" made it clear that well drilling is prohibited in the key protected areas of the springs, and the mining of karst groundwater should be controlled outside the key protected areas, and the total amount of water taken should be controlled.
The reporter learned that there are 26 coal mines in the overlapping area of Huodong mining area and Huoquanquan area.
Except for 3 mines that are not producing and 1 mine for karst water, the other 22 mines have mining activities.
The inspector found that six coal mines had illegally mined more than 600,000 cubic meters of karst water since 2018 without obtaining a water extraction permit.
Among them, only Laomupo Coal Industry, a subsidiary of Jizhong Energy Xing Mining Group, has illegally mined 250,000 cubic meters.
Among the 16 coal mines that have permission to take water, 11 have over-exploitation, and the over-exploitation has been nearly 1 million cubic meters since 2018.
Among them, Changzhi Qinxin Coal Mine exceeded 125,000 cubic meters in 2018 alone, which is 2.
7 times the permitted water withdrawal.
Due to the excessive exploitation of underground water in coal mines, the downward trend of water quality and water level has been aggravated to a certain extent, which has an adverse effect on the water output of Huoquan.
In this regard, the inspection team attributed the reason to the inadequacy of the overall planning of the mining area, and emphasized that the National Energy Administration was not strict.
"The Huodong mining area and the Huoquan spring area overlap an area of 360 square kilometers.
In 2015, the local master plan for the mining area did not mention the protection of the Huoquan spring area.
In that year, the National Energy Administration did not raise objections when it approved.
In December 2016, the mining area master plan After the review opinion of the environmental impact report pointed out this issue, the National Energy Administration did not follow up and guide, and the relevant localities did not promptly urge the implementation of the relevant requirements of the "Shanxi Province Spring Water Resources Protection Regulations.
"Previously, the central environmental protection inspectors involved more localities and enterprises.
This time, they directly and rarely hit the board on the National Energy Administration, which shows the seriousness of the planning problem.
" Vice Chairman and Secretary-General of China Coal Construction Association Xu Liang said that the overall plan of the mining area is a guiding document that regulates the order of coal development and is of great significance to the protection and rational exploitation of resources.
"If the planning is not in place, it is equivalent to a problem in the first step, and the chain reaction caused by this has the greatest impact.
"At least one-quarter of the existing mining areas in the country are pressing the ecological red line, and they have not actively avoided or smashed the sideball.
According to the "Interim Provisions on the Administration of the Overall Planning of Coal Mining Areas" (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations"), "the approved overall planning of the mining area is the basic basis for the development of the coal industry and the preliminary preparations and approval of coal mine construction projects", and its importance it goes without saying.
However, according to a number of individuals, in addition to the “lacking control” problem reflected in this report, there are still a series of environmental management hidden dangers in the planning of the mining area.
Xu Liang said that coal development easily affects soil and vegetation, surface and groundwater, and atmospheric environment, which in turn brings about ecological balance and stability problems in mining areas.
In the planning stage, it is clear that the restoration and management of the ecological environment is directly related to the development layout and development intensity of the mining area, and aims to prevent the phenomenon of coal mining damaging the environment.
"Although the environmental protection'hat' is heavily buckled at present, in planning and preparation, especially in environmental management, there are circumstances such as leniency and strictness, and different standards.
The environmental impact assessment of construction projects is not a minority.
Another person familiar with the situation said that in accordance with the requirements, it is necessary to carry out environmental assessment work on the overall planning of coal mining areas, and submit an environmental assessment report to the National Energy Administration before planning approval.
However, the planning approval department has not used EIA as one of the basis for approval decisions for a long time.
"For example, some projects do not make up the planning and environmental assessment until construction starts, and some projects are approved for implementation without planning and environmental assessment in accordance with the law.
This makes environmental management very passive.
"When we made an environmental assessment for the mining area planning, the biggest feeling was that the responsible subject's "three lines and one list" (ie ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line, resource utilization line and ecological environment access list) were not aware of it.
Give priority to ecological and environmental protection.
” Peng Yingdeng, a researcher at the National Urban Environmental Pollution Control Technology Research Center, said frankly, “At present, at least one-quarter of the existing mining areas in the country are pressing the ecological red line, and there is no active avoidance or sideball.
Some coal mines are for satisfaction.
The development conditions even forced the local government to adjust the red line in the planning stage.
"Neither the competent authority nor the main body responsible for the mining area took the overall plan as the basis for construction and development.
"We often say that planning first, but the existing "Regulations" has been issued for nearly 10 years, neither the competent authority nor the main body of the mining area has taken the overall plan as the basis for construction and development.
In fact, the mining area planning is more of a framework, Directional guidelines have neither corresponding supporting policies nor compulsory enforcement.
" Xu Liang further stated that it is necessary and urgent to improve planning, approval, and implementation as soon as possible, especially to make up for shortcomings in environmental management.
Xu Liang said that with the mining area as a unit, development should generally be carried out by 1-2 responsible entities.
However, at present, most mining areas have failed to clarify the main body of development, resulting in a lack of implementation main body of the planning plan and difficulty in effective implementation.
"It is recommended that at the policy level, first clarify the compulsory overall planning of the mining area.
Once determined, it must be reported level by level, filed and clarified the environmental protection responsibilities of the main body of development in accordance with the requirements, mining and production strictly follow the plan, and the competent authority shall strictly supervise the details.
At the same time, mining area planning also needs to be "categorized.
" Xu Liang said that due to the numerous and rich content of the overall planning of the mining area, it is not appropriate to hand over all of them to a certain department for management.
"For example, under the leadership of the National Energy Administration, it can be divided into different departments according to their specialties to implement supervision, so that professional people can do professional things, perform their own duties, improve efficiency, and avoid extensive management.
Chang Jiang, a professor at the China University of Mining and Technology, also said that the resource endowments and natural conditions of different coal mining areas are different, and there are also huge differences in the requirements for the ecological environment and the impact of mining.
In this regard, it is recommended to promote district management and strengthen differentiated guidance for planning and environmental management of mining areas.
"Planning is not just a matter of a certain mining area, nor can it be implemented in accordance with a set of models.
According to realistic conditions such as industry access, environmental carrying capacity, and ecological restoration requirements, the responsible entities, industry authorities and local governments should break the rules and regulations.
Division of interests, and jointly promote the fine management of mining area planning and environmental protection.
The above-mentioned industry insiders also proposed that, given that the integration of coal, electricity, coking, and chemical industry is the development direction of the mining area for a long time in the future, it is recommended to consider the preparation of a comprehensive plan including the development of coal development and the development of downstream coal power, coal chemical industries and other industries.
, Strengthen planning linkages to prevent long-term and cumulative adverse environmental impacts.
Transfer from: China Energy News