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    Home > Biochemistry News > Biotechnology News > Small Methods Cholesterol metabolism regulates nanoparticles to improve tumor photodynamic-immunotherapy effect

    Small Methods Cholesterol metabolism regulates nanoparticles to improve tumor photodynamic-immunotherapy effect

    • Last Update: 2022-11-04
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Photodynamic therapy (PDT)-mediated immune activation makes it both effective as
    tumor immunotherapy.
    However, the efficacy of PDT immunity is affected
    by the function and status of tumor-infiltrating cytotoxic T cells (CTLs).
    Improving the tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment, effectively activating and enhancing the function of CTLs is expected to improve the anti-tumor immunotherapy effect
    of PDT.
    The cholesterol metabolism pathway intervenes in the function of CTLs and tumor cells, and by regulating cholesterol metabolism, it is expected to enhance the function of CTLs and improve the anti-tumor effect
    On October 28, 2022, Li Yaping's team at Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, published the research results
    entitled "Blocking cholesterol metabolism with tumor-penetrable nanovesicles to improve photodynamic cancer immunotherapy" in Small Methods 。 In this study, a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2)-responsive pro-osmotic nanoparticle was developed, which simultaneously regulated the cholesterol metabolism behavior of CTLs and tumor cells by promoting intratumoral penetration of drugs, improving the function of CTLs, and synergistically enhancing the anti-tumor effect
    of photodynamic-immunotherapy.
    In this study, lipid nanovesicles were co-coated with MMP-2 enzyme-sensitive peptide-modifying photosensitizer PPa and cholesterol esterase inhibitor avalmibe to intervene in cholesterol metabolism while performing PDT to improve efficacy
    。 The drug delivery system has the following characteristics: (1) the nanoparticles remain stable in the blood circulation, passively accumulate to the tumor site through the EPR effect, and under the action of MMP-2 with high expression of the tumor, the impermeable peptide iRGD is released from the nanoparticles in response, promoting the deep penetration of avamib in the tumor; (2) After uptake by tumor cells, PPa-mediated PDT induces immunogenic cell death (ICD) in tumor cells, which in turn activates anti-tumor immune responses; (3) After being released, avameib can simultaneously inhibit the cholesterol metabolism of tumor-invasive CD8+ T cells and tumor cells, restore the function of T cells, inhibit tumor cell migration, make tumor cells under effective immune surveillance, and cooperate with PDT-activated immune response to kill tumors
    Compared with PDT alone, the combination therapy strategy based on this drug delivery system showed stronger anti-tumor effect
    in the melanoma model.
    This study proposes a new idea
    to improve the effect of photodynamic immunotherapy by regulating cholesterol metabolism pathways.
    Cholesterol regulates the construction of nanoparticles and their molecular modes of action
    Researcher Li Yaping and Associate Researcher Wang Dangge of Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, are the co-corresponding authors of this paper, and doctoral student Liu Xiaochen is the first author
    of this paper.
    The research was supported
    by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Youth Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission.
    Full text link: https://onlinelibrary.
    (Contributing department: Li Yaping research group; Contributor: Wang Dangge)


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