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    The difference between pancreas and spleen

    • Last Update: 2020-04-03
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Pancreas and spleen are important organs located in the upper part of human abdominal cavity

    Although there are similarities, the functions, structures and appearances of the two organs are quite different

    The pancreas produces enzymes and hormones that help digest and regulate blood sugar

    It's a rectangle, made up of two clusters of cells called drupes and islets of Langerhans

    As a part of the lymphatic system, the spleen is mainly composed of red pulp and white pulp

    The shape of the spleen is like a bean

    The main difference between pancreas and spleen is function

    The main function of the pancreas is to produce glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and other hormones, as well as digestive enzymes

    These pancreatic hormones play an important role in regulating blood glucose level

    Enzymes produced by the pancreas are sent to the small intestine and bile ducts, where they help digest by breaking down carbohydrates, acids, proteins, fats and counteracting stomach acid

    Despite its proximity to the pancreas, the spleen works quite differently

    This abdominal organ is part of the lymphatic system that regulates fluid balance and helps fight infection

    It also helps to filter the waste in the blood, dispatch nearby white blood cells, destroy blood viruses and other invasive foreign bodies

    The appearance and structure of pancreas and spleen are also very different

    The length of pancreas is about 15.25 cm, which is a rectangle with a narrow upper part

    Most of them are composed of two kinds of cell clusters: small drupe and islet

    These small nuclear clusters secrete pancreatic enzymes, and the islets produce pancreatic hormones

    On the other hand, the spleen is shaped like a bean, about 10.15 cm long

    It is mainly composed of red pulp and white pulp

    The function of red pulp is to remove the garbage in the blood, while white pulp produces and dispatches white blood cells, and checks and destroys the foreign bodies that invade the blood, such as viruses.
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