Editor in charge: Food Science
Recently, the grain and oil engineering innovation team of the Institute of Agricultural Products Processing and Nutrition , Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences published a titled "Effects of whole grain intake on glycemic traits: A systematic" in the journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition (IF=11.
Review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials" the paper systematically evaluated the effect of whole grain intake on blood glucose metabolism in different populations
The Agricultural Products Processing and Nutrition Research Institute is the first unit.
Associate researchers Li Shixiang and Zong Aizhen are the co-first authors.
Researchers Du Fangling and Xu Tongcheng are the co-corresponding authors
The research was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program and other topics
At present, there are more than 113 million diabetic patients in China, and about 350 million pre-diabetic patients, causing heavy medical and social burdens
Nutritional intervention is an important means to prevent and treat diabetes
Although studies have shown that whole grains have various health benefits such as lowering blood sugar and improving insulin sensitivity, the applicable population, effective intake and effective intake period of whole grain foods are still unclear
These problems have restricted the development of whole grain products, patients have fewer products to choose from, and the whole grain industry has developed slowly
Systematic review is the highest evidence in the clinical evaluation system
In response to the above problems, the grain and oil engineering innovation team of the Institute of Agricultural Products included 48 randomized controlled clinical studies, covering 4118 patients, and systematically evaluated the effect of whole grain food intake on the body's blood glucose metabolism, and explored the relationship between dose-effect and time-effect
The results show that: whole grain intake can significantly reduce fasting blood glucose (0.
15 mmol/L), insulin (2.
71 pmol/L), glycosylated hemoglobin (0.
44%) and insulin resistance index (0.
28); whole grain intake is good for diabetic patients and healthy Both people and obese people are beneficial; the effect of oatmeal is more pronounced than brown rice, wheat and other grains; multiple intakes a day can consolidate the health effects of whole grain foods more than a single intake.
The recommended intake is 100 g/d, The recommended intake time is more than 8 weeks
The results of the paper show that, compared with non-whole-grain foods, whole-grain foods can significantly improve the body's blood glucose metabolism, and it is recommended to increase the daily intake
This paper is the first systematic review to comprehensively evaluate the effects of whole grain foods on blood glucose metabolism in people with different health conditions.
Into the cycle, it provides strong data support for the development of whole grain products and clinical whole grain food intervention
Editor: Yuan Yi; Editor in charge: Zhang Ruimei
Articles and pictures are from the official website of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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