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Nilutamide is a chemical compound that is commonly used as a fire retardant in textiles, plastics, and other materials.
It is produced through a multi-step synthesis process that involves several different reaction types, including nucleophilic substitution, electrophilic substitution, and condensation reactions.
The production process of nilutamide typically involves several different reactants, including ammonia, cyanuric chloride, and formaldehyde.
The process begins with the reaction of ammonia and cyanuric chloride in the presence of a solvent, such as ethylene glycol.
This reaction produces a compound known as N-(2-cyanuridin-1-yl)urea, which is then treated with formaldehyde to form N-(2-cyanuridin-1-yl)formamide.
The next step in the production process is the reaction of N-(2-cyanuridin-1-yl)formamide with another compound known as methyl isocyanate.
This reaction forms a compound known as N-(2-cyanuridin-1-yl)methyl isocyanate, which is then treated with water to produce N-(2-cyanuridin-1-yl)urea.
The final step in the production process involves the condensation of N-(2-cyanuridin-1-yl)urea with another compound known as dicyclohexylamine.
This reaction forms the final product, nilutamide, which is then purified and isolated from the reaction mixture.
The production of nilutamide is an important process in the chemical industry, as it provides a critical ingredient in the production of fire-resistant materials.
The process requires the use of several different reactants and reactions, but ultimately produces a valuable chemical compound that is used in a variety of applications.