Original title: The utilization rate of fertilizers and pesticides for my country's three major food crops exceeds 40%
On the 17th, the reporter learned from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs that after five years of implementation of the zero-growth action on the use of fertilizers and pesticides, by the end of 2020, China's fertilizer and pesticide reduction and efficiency increase have achieved the expected goal
According to scientific calculations, the utilization rate of chemical fertilizers for the three major grain crops of rice, wheat and corn in China in 2020 is 40.
2%, an increase of 5 percentage points over 2015; the utilization rate of pesticides is 40.
6%, an increase of 4 percentage points over 2015
According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the structure of inputs in various regions continued to be optimized
In 2020, the area of organic fertilizer application exceeded 550 million mu, an increase of about 50% over 2015, and high-efficiency and low-risk pesticides accounted for more than 90%
Speed up the promotion of scientific fertilization and medicine technology
Formulated fertilizers have accounted for more than 60% of the total application of the three major food crops; mechanical fertilization has exceeded 700 million mu times, and water and fertilizer integration has been 140 million mu times; in 2020, the green prevention and control area will be nearly 1 billion mu, and the green prevention and control of major crop diseases and insect pests will cover The rate was 41.
5%, an increase of 18.
5% over 2015
Professional services have improved the efficiency of fertilization and medication
The number of specialized unified prevention and control service organizations nationwide reached 93,000, and the coverage rate of the three major food crop diseases and insect pests reached 41.
9%, an increase of 8.
9 percentage points from 2015
Demonstration has led to significant reduction in volume and efficiency
Demonstration of fertilizer reduction and efficiency enhancement is carried out in 300 counties every year, organic fertilizers are replaced by organic fertilizers in 233 key counties, demonstration bases for integrated prevention and control and green prevention and control are built in 600 counties, and the whole process of green fruit and vegetable tea is carried out in 150 counties.
Pilot projects for prevention and control, the establishment of "100 counties" for unified prevention and control of diseases and insect pests, the establishment of demonstration counties for green prevention and control, and the integrated promotion of fertilizer and medicine-saving technology models
According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry has also strengthened publicity and guidance to improve the level of scientific fertilization and medicine
More than 1 million copies of technical manuals and posters on the scientific use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides have been issued; the "Million Farmers Scientific Medicine Training Action" is carried out to train more than 3 million large growers, technical backbones of plant protection professional service organizations, and farmers' leaders each year
It is reported that in the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will strengthen measures to strive to increase the utilization rate of fertilizers and pesticides by another 3 percentage points by 2025
(Reporter Ma Aiping)