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    Home > Medical News > Latest Medical News > Vegetarian or carnivore? The study said the former had a higher risk of fractures or higher than the latter

    Vegetarian or carnivore? The study said the former had a higher risk of fractures or higher than the latter

    • Last Update: 2020-11-25
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    Beijing, November 23 (Reporter Sun Self-Law) vegetarian or carnivore? Strict vegetarians, vegetarians and carnivores have a higher risk of fractures than meat eaters, according to a new study of European populations.
    according to a paper published online today in BMC Medicine, a British university research team, strict vegetarians have a lower average intake of calcium and protein than meat eaters, a 43 percent higher risk of total fractures (i.e., a total risk of fractures in any part of the body), and a higher risk of fractures in specific areas such as the hips, legs and spine;
    a team of researchers from the University of Oxford and the University of Bristol analyzed data from nearly 55,000 people in the EPIC-Oxford study, a prospective cohort study in which participants were recruited between 1993 and 2001, many of whom did not eat meat. The prospective cohort study looked at a group of people and followed up over time to see how certain factors (diet in this study) might affect certain outcomes (fracture risk in this study).
    of the 54,898 participants in the study, 29,380 ate meat, 8,037 ate fish but did not eat meat (fish), 15,499 were vegetarians (who did not eat fish, meat but could eat animal products such as eggs and milk), and 1,982 were strict vegetarians (no animal products at all). The first dietary habit assessment was conducted in 2010 at the time of recruitment. Participants had an average of 18 years of continuous follow-up, and information about fractures was collected as of 2016. During the study period, a total of 3,941 fractures occurred, including 566 fractures to the arm, 889 to the wrist, 945 to the hip, 366 to the leg, 520 to the ankle and 467 to other major areas (the collarbone, ribs and spine).
    results show that strict vegetarians, vegetarians and fish eaters have a higher risk of hip fractures and a higher risk of leg and other major fractures than meat eaters. The researchers found no significant difference in the risk of arm, wrist and ankle fractures between different dietary groups when body mass index (BMI) was taken into account, and that the risk of total fractures and fractures in specific areas were partially reduced when BMI, calcium intake from the diet and protein intake in the diet were taken into account.
    , lead author of the study and a nutrition epidemiologist from the Nafield Department of Population Health at Oxford University, said it was the first study to assess the risk of full fractures and fractures in specific areas for different dietary groups. "We found that strict vegetarians had a higher risk of full fractures than meat eaters, with a higher risk equivalent to nearly 20 more fractures per 1,000 people over a 10-year 10-year term. The biggest differences in risk were hip fractures, which were 2.3 times higher for strict vegetarians than for meat eaters, equivalent to about 15 more per 1,000 people in 10 years."
    has shown that low BMI is associated with a higher risk of hip fractures, and low calcium and protein intake is associated with poor bone health, said Tammy Tong, a professor at the University of Toronto. Their latest study shows that on average, strict vegetarians have lower BMI, calcium intake and protein intake than meat eaters and a higher risk of fractures in multiple locations. A balanced plant-based diet can improve nutritional levels and reduce the risk of a variety of diseases, including heart disease and diabetes. Individuals should take into account the benefits and risks of their eating habits, ensure adequate calcium and protein intake, and maintain a healthy BMI that is neither light nor overweight.
    authors warn that they are unable to separate fractures caused by poor bone health from 100 fractures caused by accidents because data on the causes of fractures are not available. There is no data on differences in the use of calcium supplements among different dietary populations, and there are measurement errors in the estimation of nutrients (such as calcium and protein in the diet) in all dietary studies. At the same time, the study participants were mainly white Europeans, so the generality of other populations or races may be limited, and racial differences may be important given the differences in bone mineral density and fracture risk observed in the past.
    they say more research is needed for other groups, including non-Europeans, and because about three-quarters of the participants in the EPIC-Oxford queue are women, a higher proportion of the male population is needed to explore possible differences in gender risk.
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