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    Home > Chemicals Industry > China Chemical > 【Interpretation of the prosperity index of the petroleum and chemical industry】 December 2022: The economy continued to fall back to the cold range driven by the off-season

    【Interpretation of the prosperity index of the petroleum and chemical industry】 December 2022: The economy continued to fall back to the cold range driven by the off-season

    • Last Update: 2023-02-02
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    The prosperity index of petroleum and chemical industry is jointly compiled by China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation and Shandong Zhuochuang Information Co.
    , Ltd.
    , which is a micro-prosperity cycle monitoring index of petroleum, petrochemical and chemical industries, including four sub-indexes
    : "oil and gas extraction industry prosperity index", "fuel processing industry prosperity index", "chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing prosperity index" and "rubber, plastic products and other polymer products manufacturing industry" 。 The prosperity index of the petroleum and chemical industry is selected to measure the potential output and economic benefits of the industry as the standard, including production micro data and industry benefit data, production micro data include: capacity utilization, product profitability, finished product inventory level, the underlying data is based on the regular research and evaluation system
    established with more than a thousand enterprises.

    The latest index shows that the prosperity index of the petroleum and chemical industry continued to decline slightly in December 2022, and the economic boom range fell to the cold range
    The interpretation of the index is as follows:

    Core summary

    Under the influence of the off-season superimposed cooling of the economic data, the prosperity value continued to decline

    December 2022 entered the annual off-season, and the demand side continued to decline
    compared with the previous month.
    At the same time, the global temperature generally ushered in a cooling tide in December, cold weather led to a weakening of travel activities, and the demand for refined oil products fell rapidly, which led to the largest decline in the prosperity of the fuel processing industry
    However, cold weather also increased heating consumption, and the prosperity of the oil and gas extraction industry rose slightly from the previous month
    The manufacturing industry of rubber and plastic and other polymer products is flat under the pattern of weak production and demand, and the chemical raw materials and products manufacturing industry in the midstream continues to decline under the dual pressure of cost and demand, and the production heat is also declining rapidly, and the month-on-month prosperity has decreased significantly
    The overall prosperity value of the petrochemical industry continued to decline slightly and fell into the cold range

    Hot Focus

    Cooling inflation data coupled with rising recession expectations has led to low volatility in commodities

    Major economies generally experienced a cooling of CPI inflation data in December, with the UK reaching 10.
    7%, down 0.
    2 percentage points
    The United States was 7.
    1%, down 0.
    6 percentage points month-on-month, and the eurozone was 10%, down 0.
    6 percentage points
    The warmer weather in Europe and the weaker-than-expected consumption of natural gas inventories led to a significant decline in global natural gas prices, which was the main driving force
    for the downward movement of inflation data.
    Inflation has cooled in tandem with PMI data, and PMIs in the United States, the European Union, Japan, and the United Kingdom have been in contraction territory for many months, and recession expectations have further heated up

    Despite the hawkish comments of the Federal Reserve, the market expects monetary tightening to usher in a slowdown

    After the Fed slowed down its 50BP interest rate hike in December, the European Central Bank and other central banks followed up with a 50BP rate hike.

    Although many central banks such as the Federal Reserve have stated that controlling inflation is the primary goal, the market interprets it as a signal
    that the Fed's monetary policy has turned dovish.
    At the same time, the Bank of Japan announced a 5BP increase in YCC policy, triggering a strong appreciation of the yen, and the US dollar weakened sharply against non-US currencies, indirectly leading to a sharp rebound
    in the prices of upstream commodities such as crude oil and gold.
    However, the 50BP rate hike did raise the market's expectations of a recession, and overall commodity prices are still fluctuating
    at the bottom.

    Advice and tips

    Market expectations

    The pressure on the cost side has increased, the decline in orders has continued, and due to the disruption of the epidemic, the start of construction has also declined

    Risk Warning

    Inflation risk and recession risk coexist, global trade continues to decline, and the divergence of raw material hot demand may usher in a reversal

    Overview of the oil and chemical industry

    In December, the winter cooling caused global energy prices to stop falling and pick up, and demand has entered the annual off-season, high costs superimposed on weak demand, the oil and chemical industry prosperity index continued to decline slightly, the prosperity was 94.
    81, down 0.
    72 percentage points from 95.
    53 in the previous month, and the boom range fell to the cold range, down 12.
    58 percentage points
    from 107.
    39 in the same period in 2021.

    Affected by the combination of monetary policy contraction and high inflation, the decline in global economic growth is expected to intensify
    Domestically, the PMI manufacturing industry fell by 1.
    2 percentage points month-on-month in November, entering contraction territory for two consecutive months
    The decline was most pronounced
    in the production index and the new orders index.
    In terms of real estate, the favorable policy of the three arrows in November was released in December, and the transaction volume in first-tier cities showed a significant recovery, and most of the second- and third-tier cities are still building a bottom
    At the end of the year, the policies of many ministries and commissions clearly increased economic stimulus, and market confidence has recovered
    Internationally, with the landing of the central bank's 50BP interest rate hike, recession expectations and slowdown expectations of interest rate hikes were released simultaneously, and the upstream of commodities rebounded, while the downstream was significantly sluggish

    In terms of industries, affected by the cooling, the prosperity of the oil and gas extraction industry increased
    slightly month-on-month.
    In addition, the manufacturing industry of rubber and plastic polymer products rose slightly month-on-month, reflecting the resilience of the demand side and in line with seasonal characteristics, but it fell by more than 20 percentage points compared with the same period in 2021, the largest
    year-on-year decline.
    Also affected by the cooling, travel activity declined, and the fuel processing industry fell the most, reaching 2 percentage points
    The midstream chemical raw materials and products manufacturing industry was under pressure from both supply and demand at the same time, and the prosperity fell by 1.
    36 percentage points
    The month-on-month is in line with seasonal characteristics, significantly weaker than the same period level, and the industry pressure is greater

    Hot spot analysis and future prospects

    Many central banks raised interest rates by 50BP, and recession expectations heated up further

    On December 15, the Fed's FOMC announced a 50BP interest rate hike, a 25BP reduction, in line with market expectations
    The next day, central banks including the European Union, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Norway, Hong Kong and other central banks followed the Fed's pace of raising interest rates BP.

    In addition, the ECB announced that it will start a balance sheet reduction program from March 2023, which is expected to reduce by an average of 15 billion euros/month
    Subsequently, the market's expectations of a recession further strengthened
    After the intensive interest rate hike meeting, the dollar index continued to weaken, including commodities and other assets showed a state of volatility, the market's expectations of interest rate cuts under the recession heated up simultaneously, and the dollar index weakened
    On December 22, the Bank of Japan announced that it would increase the control range of YCC long-term interest rate fluctuations from 0.
    25% to 0.
    5%, which was seen by the market as a 50BP
    rate hike in disguise.
    This was followed by a rapid rise in the yen against the dollar, and the dollar index slipped
    The global central bank's interest rate hike has also led to a clear gap in the domestic year-end liquidity market, and bond yields and overnight lending rates have rebounded
    The central bank uses open market tools to release sufficient liquidity to the market in the short term and protect the
    demand for liquidity in the New Year.

    Frequent policies at the end of the year to expand domestic demand are at the forefront

    On December 14, the State Council issued the Outline of the Strategic Plan for Expanding Domestic Demand (2022-2035).

    On December 16, the Central Economic Work Conference spent on "We must give priority to restoring and expanding domestic demand, enhance consumption capacity, improve consumption conditions, and innovate consumption scenarios
    " "At the same time, the central economic work has made it clear that it will continue its proactive fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy
    in 2023.
    " The central bank work meeting on December 22 further added: "It will give full play to the role of the market-oriented adjustment mechanism of deposit interest rates to promote the steady reduction of corporate financing costs"
    In addition, the policy gives clear requirements
    for stabilizing the development of the real estate market, ensuring the delivery of buildings, protecting people's livelihood, meeting the financing needs of the industry, and promoting industry restructuring and mergers and acquisitions.
    The intensive release of favorable policies has stabilized market expectations to a certain extent, enhanced market confidence, and with the gradual implementation of precise prevention and control measures, it is expected that after the Lunar New Year in 2023, the market will turn into a recovery process

    Winter cold wave hits the United States Natural gas prices are falling instead of increasing

    On December 23, most of the United States was hit by the worst winter storm, LNG exports in the Mexican Gulf were disrupted, tens of thousands of flights were canceled, nearly 300,000 people suffered power outages, and U.
    natural gas withdrawals rose sharply, and production fell sharply by 10%.

    Up to 3 million b/d refineries were shut down due to low temperatures, leading to higher refined product prices
    However, the impact of this cold wave is significantly smaller than the cold wave in the first quarter of 2021, crude oil and natural gas have not seen a sharp rise in prices, as the impact gradually fades, natural gas prices have seen a more obvious decline, mainly because the temperature in Europe is higher than the same period, natural gas inventories are still maintained at a high level in the same period, the pressure of replenishment is small, and the European TTF natural gas price fell by 80 euros / MWh
    The expectation of recession dominates the price trend of the energy market, and the deviation from the supply and demand side pricing is obvious

    Prospect of economic operation

    In summary, the triple pressure of demand contraction, supply shock, and expected weakening still exists, and the petrochemical industry, as an upstream industry, under the dual pressure of continuous high cost and sluggish demand, the overall profitability has fallen sharply compared with the same period, and the overall prosperity has dropped
    significantly compared with the same period.
    However, under the superimposed impact of multiple negative factors, the overall prosperity of the petrochemical industry showed obvious resilience, and the month-on-month decline did not further expand, basically flattening
    In the New Year stage, because precise epidemic prevention and control measures and fiscal and monetary policy efforts require a landing time, it is expected that the overall economic situation in January will remain stable, with little month-on-month fluctuation


    Index structure

    Economic range

    Description of economic indicators

    Production heat is a prosperity index calculated through the core algorithm of industry production heat based on the three fundamental data of product price difference, start and inventory, reflecting the adjustment
    of production and operation by enterprise managers.
    It is the most sensitive and leading reflection on the production and operation of the enterprise, and the stability is lower than the cost profit margin and inventory turnover

    Cost profit margin is an important indicator reflecting the level of input and output of the industry, which is more sensitive among the efficiency indicators and has the highest
    From the perspective of micro-prosperity cycle, high cost profit margin is the most consistent proof
    of high prosperity.

    Inventory turnover, that is, the turnover speed of inventory, reflects whether the liquidity of inventory and capital occupation are reasonable, and is the core indicator
    to measure the utilization rate of enterprise funds.
    Its stability and sensitivity are somewhere between
    production heat and cost margin.


    The information in this report is derived from public information and relevant internal and external information obtained by the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation Business Climate Index Topic Portfolio Method, and the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation Business Climate Index Research Group does not guarantee that the information in this report has changed when the recipient receives this report, nor does it guarantee that the relevant recommendations will not change
    in any way.
    The information, opinions and projections contained in this report only reflect the judgment of the Business Climate Index Research Group of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation on the date/time of issuance of this report, and the relevant data such as prices, inventories, market conditions and other relevant data contained in this report may fluctuate
    At different times, the Business Climate Index Research Group of the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation may issue reports
    that are inconsistent with the information, opinions and projections contained in this report.

    The contents and opinions in the report are for reference only, and under no circumstances shall the members of the prosperity index research group of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation be responsible
    for any direct or indirect losses arising from the use of this report and its contents.

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