Heart failure is a syndrome in which the corresponding symptoms/signs are caused by abnormal cardiac structure/function, and the prevalence increases with age: about 1%>10% in <55 years old; Heart failure is divided into three types: HFrEF (EF≤40%), HFmEF (41%≤EF≤49%), HFpEF (EF≥50%).
This case shared the PFNA operation in elderly patients with heart failure.
Points of interest and some interpretations of
heart failure .
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