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    Home > Active Ingredient News > Urinary System > CUA 2022|Professor Yao Yousheng: Current status of diagnosis and treatment of male urinary incontinence

    CUA 2022|Professor Yao Yousheng: Current status of diagnosis and treatment of male urinary incontinence

    • Last Update: 2023-02-03
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    On December 9-11, 2022, the 29th National Urology Conference (CUA 2022), hosted by the Chinese Medical Association and the Urology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, was held
    Adhering to the concept of inheritance and development, this CUA conference focuses on the development frontier and latest progress in the field of urology, and fully demonstrates the new trends, new concepts and new technologies
    of urology science research and clinical diagnosis and treatment.
    At the meeting, Professor Yao Yousheng from Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University explained to us the current situation of diagnosis and treatment of male urinary incontinence.

    Professor Yao Yousheng

    Director of the Department of Urology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Prostate and Lower Urinary Tract, German Medical Doctor, Chief Physician, Doctoral Supervisor

    Vice Chairman of Prostate Disease Branch of Chinese Society of Sexology

    Member of Women's Urology Group, Urology Branch of Chinese Medical Association

    Member of Urology Branch of Chinese Health Promotion Association

    Member of the Prostate Group of the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine

    Member of Prostate Group, Andrology Branch of Chinese Medical Association

    Vice Chairman of Urology Branch of Guangdong Medical Association

    Member of the Standing Committee of Andrology Association of Guangdong Medical Association and Deputy Head of the Surgery Group

    Deputy leader of the Urinary Control Group of the Urology Branch of Guangdong Medical Association

    Vice Chairman of the Laparoscopic Society, the Urinary Tract Disease Society and the Urinary Control Society of Guangdong Genitourinary Society

    Vice Chairman of the Psychosomatic Medicine Professional Committee and the Men's Health Professional Committee of Guangdong Health Management Association

    Current status of urinary incontinence in men

    Urinary incontinence refers to the outflow of urine from the urethral opening due to the pressure in the bladder exceeding urethral resistance during the storage period, and is classified as urge incontinence, stress urinary incontinence, mixed urinary incontinence, enuresis, persistent urinary incontinence, involuntary urinary incontinence, etc
    。 With the increase of male prostate cancer incidence and transurethral surgery, radical prostate cancer resection, transurethral resection of the prostate, transurethral enucleation of the prostate has become a common cause of male urinary incontinence, according to literature reports, middle-aged and elderly men found that the number of prostatic hyperplasia / prostate cancer is significantly increased, the incidence of early urinary incontinence after prostate-related surgery can reach 30%-60%, even after conservative drug treatment, there are still about 3%-8% of patients with long-term urinary leakage
    。 In addition, urinary incontinence caused by neurogenic urinary incontinence such as central nervous system lesions or Parkinson's disease is also increasing year by year, and the incidence of urinary incontinence is also related
    to the aging of men, bladder function and decline of pelvic floor muscles.

    Due to the high incidence of urinary incontinence in women, urologists tended to pay more attention to the treatment of urinary incontinence in women in the past, and epidemiological data on urinary incontinence in men were significantly lacking
    compared with women.
    However, with the advent of an aging society, male urinary incontinence has received more and more attention, and multiple studies suggest that its incidence is 1-39%, about half that of
    There are differences in the anatomy and physiology of men and women, so the types and incidence rates of urinary incontinence in both sexes are also different, about half of female patients are stress urinary incontinence, while male patients are mainly urge urinary incontinence (accounting for 40%-80%), followed by mixed and stress urinary incontinence

    Several studies have shown that risk factors for urinary incontinence in men include age, lower urinary tract symptoms, infection, decreased functional cognitive status, neurological pathology, diabetes, alcohol, and prostate surgery
    Professor Yao emphasized that the control nerve damage, shortening of the functional urethra and the destruction of important tissue structures caused by prostate surgery jointly lead to impaired physiological (urinary control, sexual) function in male patients, which is iatrogenic injury, so urologists need to pay special attention to the protection of the patient's urinary tract, external sphincter and nerves during surgery to avoid moderate to severe urinary incontinence
    after surgery.

    Evaluation of urinary incontinence in men

    Evaluation of urinary incontinence in men should include history, questionnaires (e.
    , urinary incontinence quality of life questionnaire ICIQ-QOL and urinary incontinence scale score ICIQ-UI), physical examination, voiding diary, urine pad test (1h, 24 hours), urinalysis, color ultrasound, and residual bladder urine measurement
    In clinical practice, patients can be followed by a 24-hour pad test after a 1-hour pad test to improve the accuracy
    of diagnosis.
    Urodynamic studies determine whether surgery is required and should be selected
    on a case-by-case basis.
    In addition, cystourethroscopy is useful for patients with urethral strictures and mucosal abnormalities


    Surgical options for urinary incontinence in male patients

    Surgery may be considered if conservative medical therapy does not respond to it
    Existing surgical treatments are common artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation and urethral bulb sling

    As the gold standard for urinary incontinence treatment, AUS implantation can effectively cure urinary incontinence in patients, but it has been reported that the proportion of repair surgery due to complications (infection, urethral erosion, urethral atrophy) and device failure within 5 years after AUS surgery is 26%.

    Therefore, for mild to moderate urinary incontinence, Professor Yao recommends the use of urethral bulb sling

    This procedure is performed by giving the bulb urethra a forward and upward lifting force through a sling, folding the urethra, increasing resistance, preventing the urethra from shifting under stress, and lengthening the effective urinary control length of the urethra
    According to statistics, the average annual number of AUS surgeries for men in the United States is decreasing year by year, while the use of sling surgery is increasing
    year by year.
    AUS can reduce blood supply due to annular envelopment and compression of the urethra, resulting in urethral atrophy and/or urethral erosion, but ball sling suspension compresses the urethra ventrally without affecting the blood supply to the dorsal and both sides of the urethra, thereby significantly reducing the incidence
    of urethral atrophy and/or urethral erosion.

    Which patients would benefit more from ball sling? Professor Yao said that strict selection of patients before surgery is very important, and ball sling suspension is suitable for patients
    with smooth posterior urethral wall, good bladder function and normal detrusor contractility.
    It is not recommended for patients with sphincter damage, residual urine of the bladder, abnormal bladder detrusor function, history of local radiotherapy, and severe heart and lung dysfunction that cannot tolerate surgery

    Expert summary

    In summary, the etiology and pathophysiological mechanism of male urinary incontinence are very complex, resulting in many difficulties in the diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence, and with the extensive development of prostate surgery in China, the incidence of male urinary incontinence is increasing year by year, and it is imperative to improve the understanding and attention of domestic urologists to male urinary incontinence!

    Editor: Gardenia Reviewed: Gardenia Executive: Gardenia

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