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    Home > Biochemistry News > Microbiology News > First Earth Microbiodiversity Data Set Released

    First Earth Microbiodiversity Data Set Released

    • Last Update: 2020-06-20
    • Source: Internet
    • Author: User
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    In a major paper on microbiology published on October 31st in the British journal Nature, scientists have provided an unprecedented insight into the diversity of bacteria and archaea by analyzing 27,000 microbial samples from different environments around the worldThis meta-analysis is part of the first phase of the Earth Microbiome Program (EMP), whose ultimate goal is to characterize all the microbes on Earthan important goal ofmicrobial ecology research is to determine how the microbiome forms and spreads and how they interactGlobally, however, a large data set is required to evaluate these characteristicsthe Earth Microbiome Program hopes to document the global distribution of bacteria and ancient bacteria through open and cooperative scientific means to better understand the natural laws that determine the structure of the communityIt has long been known that bacteria are the largest of all living things, and that ancient bacteria are probably the oldest living organisms, and although they have many similarities with bacteria, there are repetitive sequences and nucleosomes that are more similar to those of emanatiary organisms, unlike bacteriain the first phase of the project, University of California, San Diego researcher Luke Thompson and colleagues showed meta-analysis of microbiome samples collected by hundreds of researchers around the worldThey analyzed 27,751 samples from soil, water, animal and plant habitats and sequenced the samples with ribosome RNA (rRNA) genes, resulting in 2.2 billion DNA sequencing readingsthis study, in an open and cooperative manner, reveals the patterns of community formation and the global distribution of specific organisms, giving humans a deeper understanding of how microorganisms are dispersed and transplanted into the ecological nicheIn addition, the data provide a very important reference and framework for further research in microbial ecology in the futurethe Earth Microbiome Project aims to sample as many of the Earth's microbiomeas as possible to promote understanding of microbes and their relationship sons and relationships with the environment, including plants, animals and humansThe mission needs the help of scientists from all over the worldTo date, the program has covered seven continents and 43 countries, from the Arctic to the South Pole, and more than 500 researchers have contributed to sample and data collectionMembers of the program are using this information as part of about 100 studies, half of which have been published in peer-reviewed journals
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